Features and Columns — June, 2016

Pain Science and the Administration of Justice

Ken Strutin's article is a survey of legal scholarship and medical research concerning the study of pain and its significance for the administration of civil and criminal justice. The complexity of pain's impact on each individual's life is increasingly relevant in the context of the administration of civil and criminal justice. Strutin's subject matter expertise in issues of law and justice is further articulated in this this article as he undertakes a timely review of an increasingly relevant issue that impacts the lives of defendants and complainants alike. — Published June 30, 2016

Text to speech in new $80 Kindle demolishes lobbyists’ case against legally required TTS

David Rothman argues forcefully for uniform, immediate government and industry support for and implementation of text-to-speech technology. Rothman highlights Amazon's use of Bluetooth-based TTS in the new $80 Kindle. The reader permits blind individuals as well as those with reading challenges to use Bluetooth headphones to hear the TTS via a wireless connection without the requirement for any special adapter. — Published June 30, 2016

What is Access to Justice?

Sarah Glassmeyer's article and infographic document and visualize her perspective on what access to justice means, who participates, and what aspects of it can be improved via technology — Published June 30, 2016

About Microaggressions

Professor Ronald E. Wheeler discusses the concepts of microaggressions (including microassaults, microinsults and microinvalidations) specifically against LGBT individuals, and proposes some solutions to preventing microaggressions from occurring within one's organization. — Published June 26, 2016

Bots, Big Data, Blockchain, and AI – Disruption or Incremental Change?

Ron Friedmann discusses the potential, likely and unlikely impact of high profile disruptive technologies on Big Law - including Bid Data. blockchain, AI and bots. — Published June 26, 2016

May, 2016

Making Lemons into Lemonade: Libraries and the Challenge of the Website Transition

At the beginning of the spring semester, Indiana University's Maurer School of Law school transitioned to a new website with a more modern look but a much more rigid architecture. As often happens with new website launches, there were obstacles to overcome – 404 errors to fix, a new navigation to learn, resources to update – as well as old website simply not transferring to the new site. In this article Ashley Ahlbrand describes some key issues her team faced and how they were addressed as a Lessons Learned for other groups pursuing the same transition. — Published May 31, 2016

Should Colorado court documents be free on public library computers?

Jeff Roberts of the Colorado Freedom of Information Coalition raises the question of expanding free public access to court documents in Colorado. Specifically, he identifies the only location where a non-lawyer can view and request copies of all civil court documents from ICCES, the Integrated Colorado Courts E-Filing System. This location is the Colorado Supreme Court’s law library in the Ralph L. Carr Judicial Center in downtown Denver. Fees and access to PACER have been the topic of discussion in the legal community for many years. The urgency of this discussion and a resolution that ensures free public access to court filings is critically dependent upon the future of court law libraries. — Published May 31, 2016

Why is audiobook production taking off? Thank e-books and digital media

Chris Meadows shares the facts about an interesting and significant uptick in audiobook production. He notes that digital audiobooks have been growing more popular ever since the introduction of the iPod, but in the last five or six years audiobook production has boomed, rising from 7,237 titles produced in 2011 to 35,574 titles in 2015. — Published May 30, 2016

Law Firm Libraries Cannot Simply Be A Service…It Must Be A Strategic Partner

Greg Lambert speaks to fellow Law Librarians, Knowledge Managers and law firm info pros from a pro-active position as he addresses the increasingly prevalent issue of outsourcing critical librarian staff. Institutional knowledge, excellent communications skills, teaching and training competency, a focus on the delivery of excellent customer service, and the capability to respond rather than react to requirements in an increasingly fast paced and competitive arena are key strengths of in-house staff. This conversation has both strategic and tactical implications which our profession must address expertly, actively and timely. — Published May 30, 2016

Journalism Resources on the Internet 2016

Marcus Zillman's new comprehensive guide is focused on journalism resources and sites of ongoing value in your process to refine topical and subject matter research and deliver actionable work product. This guide is a value added discovery tool that includes a wide range of reliable, comprehensive and actionable government, academic, corporate, news, training and business resources. — Published May 22, 2016

Digital Smarts Everywhere: The Emergence of Ambient Intelligence

Alan Rothman's article is based on a TechCrunch.com posting, The Next Stop on the Road to Revolution is Ambient Intelligence. Rothman offers an insightful analysis on how the rapidly expanding universe of digital intelligent systems wired into our daily routines is becoming more ubiquitous, unavoidable and ambient each day. — Published May 21, 2016

New Economy Resources 2016

This guide by Marcus Zillman aggregates significant actionable sources for researchers focused on the "new economy," including current and historical government data, analytics and alerts from Open Source providers, the private sector, and the legislative and regulatory sectors. — Published May 21, 2016

April, 2016

Evolutions in DNA Forensics

Criminal law expert Ken Strutin's new article is yet another research tour de force - a collection of recent and notable developments concerning DNA as forensic science, metric of guilt, herald of innocence, and its emerging place in the debate over privacy and surveillance. The increasing use of DNA evidence to support assumptions of an individual's guilt and less frequently as a tool to prove the innocence of prisoners wrongly convicted, reflects many facets of the changing fabric of the American criminal justice, the role of the Fourth Amendment and the increasing collection of a wide range of biological evidence from crime scenes whose metadata then is searchable within the national DNA database. — Published April 30, 2016

Book Review of “Inventology: How We Dream Up Things That Change the World”

Alan Rothman's article presents an engaging and enlightening perspective on the elements of serendipity and prodigious talent engaged in the world of inventors and their inventions, as well providing readers with an excellent book review. This new book about inventology spans many decades and is interwoven with historical events that provided impetus to some of the inventors. — Published April 29, 2016

Legal Research at Your Fingertips: Lexis Views, Bestlaw, and Google for Lawyers?

Ashley Ahlbrand is the Educational Technology at Librarian Indiana University's Maurer School of Law. Her expert teaching and training skills offer readers insights into the role of Google as well as integrative browser add-ons like Lexis Views in preparing students to effectively and comprehensively complete research assignments. — Published April 15, 2016

Feat First: New Findings on the Relationship Between Walking and Creativity

Many cities in America offer regular opportunities to experience the benefits of daily outdoor exercise, an activity now universally acknowledged beneficial to mental and physical health. New Yorker Alan Rothman's perspective on the positive experience of regularly walking in his city includes references to recent university research in fields that include physiology and engineering. So, walk on, and know that it is good for you in all manner of ways throughout your life. — Published April 15, 2016

Introducing a New Success Framework for Information Professionals

Author, librarian, and professor Bruce Rosenstein's article clearly articulates key deliverables that librarians and information professionals can frame, communicate about and deliver - specifically expert knowledge services, data curation, research, training and leadership skills - to organizations in a wide range of sectors. — Published April 3, 2016

March, 2016

Grid, Distributed and Cloud Computing Resources 2016

Marcus Zillman's guide is a comprehensive listing of grid resources, distributed computing resources, cloud computing resources, clusters, and parallel computing sites on the Internet. These resources and sources will help you to find the latest grid and distributed computing resources and sites to evaluate for potential implementation within your environment. — Published March 20, 2016

You Say Aggregate, I Say Curate…

Zena Applebaum, a law firm competitive intelligence director, defines an important development in the way that critical business information is shared within laws firms and similar organizations. Applebaum defines and aligns the role of “content curation," a practice and skill wherein information from all the content in the world is provided to stakeholders through a precise, focused and filtered process with the result of direct benefits to specific groups, teams and projects. — Published March 13, 2016

The Mediachain Project: Developing a Global Creative Rights Database Using Blockchain Technology

Alan Rothman's article focuses on a creative, innovative effort to deploy the blockchain as a form of global registry of creative works ownership - specifically a global rights database for images. The co-founders of a new metadata protocol they call the Mediachain enables creators working in digital media to write data describing their work along with a timestamp directly onto the blockchain. The implications of this technology impact multiple sectors such as: legal, financial, libraries, museums and archives, and social media. — Published March 13, 2016

Global Skills for U.S. JD Students

This article by Theresa Kaiser-Jarvis, Assistant Dean for International Affairs, University of Michigan Law School, discusses a pivotal issue that represents an increasingly significant development in the practice of law in the United States. Kaiser-Jarvis shines a bright light on the skills, knowledge and abilities that are now required of attorneys as the business world becomes less focused on the United States. She supports the position that as law firms search for new revenue streams and as American internal demographics become more diverse, we can expect that all U.S. lawyers will eventually need to be prepared for global practice. — Published March 13, 2016

February, 2016

Cognitive Reality and the Administration of Justice

Ken Strutin writes in his latest article as follows -"science has much to say about how individual behavior and group wide phenomena influence the core issues of criminal justice. From self-incrimination to self-representation, from prosecuting to judging, from trial to punishment the law recognizes that there are subtle psychologics at work. Indeed, there is one long continuum of cognitive realities that pervade every precinct of criminal justice. And now, scientific study and legal scholarship has uncovered hidden biases in the deliberations of justice as well as overt barriers to cognitive functioning associated with confinement. This article is a collection of research into the cognitive nature of criminal justice participants, the constraints of confinement, and the administration of justice." — Published February 29, 2016

State Legal Information Census: An Analysis of Primary State Legal Information

This report by Sarah Glassmeyer presents findings from a survey of state level primary legal information. Primary legal information includes code (codified statutes passed by state legislatures), regulations (codified collections of rules passed by administrative agencies) and case law (appellate court decisions). This survey was done with the goal of reviewing the free and open status of this legal information. — Published February 21, 2016

Web Data Extractors 2016

Extracting data from the internet has become an increasingly high priority for organizations with teams that focus on mining and leveraging huge amounts of data as part of an effective, collaborative and actionable work product. Tools and protocols to extract content rich information are in demand as researchers seek to discover new knowledge at an ever increasing rate. As robots (bots) and intelligent agents are at the heart of many extraction tools, Marcus Zillman has created a compilation of a wide range of free, fee and collaborative sources, services and sites that offer users a range of approaches to extract information from the web. — Published February 15, 2016

6 lessons from sharing humanitarian data

This is Francis Irving's concise and focused overview of best practices used by the Humanitarian Data Exchange (HDX), a data hub created by the United Nations and used by agencies, NGOs, companies, governments and academics to share data. — Published February 15, 2016

Fight for Kindle all-text bold option: Why you STILL need to write Amazon - and the media

David Rothman has been proactively and consistently engaged in an effort to increase visual usability of the Kindle for K-12 kids, the elderly and others with contrast-sensitivity problems. He has requested the company implement either an all-text-bold option or the ability to use a slider to vary the boldness. — Published February 14, 2016

Book Review of “The Song Machine: Inside the Hit Factory”

Alan Rothman writes that for interested readers who either did or did not come of age at some point during the past two decades, this highly engaging account of the extraordinary changes throughout the music industry will provide them with a compelling narrative, cultural history, and business case study. This book further excels as an insightful guide through the music industry’s production processes of writing, recording, marketing, distributing and performing today’s chart-topping tunes. — Published February 13, 2016

January, 2016

Does 3D Printing Pose a Challenge to the Patent System?

3D printing is a growth market - for vendors, consumers, and for public libraries (providing them in combination with maker spaces - "a shared work area where people build things collaboratively.”) Within the sphere of this innovative technology there is growing recognition that 3D printing can produce objects covered by specific particular patents. This new area of copyright infringement is the focus of Alan Rothman's article. — Published January 24, 2016

Bill Gates: A billionaire book critic who apparently shuns e-books

E-book pioneer and advocate David Rothman's commentary shines a critical light on the reading habits of Microsoft founder Bill Gates who reads his average 50 books each year, in print format. The potential impact of Microsoft in the e-book market as well as in funding support of e-books for public libraries has been muted. Rothman's insights include hope to win over much needed support for free public sector digital libraries. — Published January 24, 2016

The Growing Need to Standardize and Validate Online Education Credentials for the Job Market

Learning new skills to support more effective engagement in a competitive job market has attracted many job seekers and employees to online education, most often through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Alan Rothman is proficient in the arena of e-learning and expands the discussion of what courses are available to how they are accredited and subsequently whether they are recognized by potential employers. — Published January 18, 2016