Features - Update to Researching Dutch LawBy Oswald Jansen and George Middeldorp, Published on November 1, 2001
Jansen is senior-researcher at the
Centre for the
enforcement of European law,
Institute, Utrecht University. He holds an LLM-degree of the University of
Nijmegen and his PhD at the University of Amsterdam. His research interest in
(public) law enforcement involves Dutch as well as foreign (mainly European)
administrative law, Dutch as well as foreign (mainly European) criminal law and
European law. He is also deputy judge at the Arnhem criminal court, as well as
the ‘s-Hertogenbosch administrative law court, a member of
the police complaints Committee of Amsterdam-Amstelland, chairman of the
complaints commission Wijchen
and vice-chairman of
the complaints commission
George Middeldorp is international law librarian and lecturer in international law and air law at the Law Faculty of Utrecht University. There he also teaches legal research skills to both students and academic staff. He received an MA degree in Political Science and an LL.M. degree in International Law (both with Hons) from the University of Amsterdam. George has published the guide Conducting research in public international law; an introduction to the information sources. In addition, he is member of the editorial boards of the Dutch law librarians journal, of a weekly electronic newsletter on legal internet sources (JIB), and of a loose leaf series on transport law.
Updated November 18, 2002
Editor's note (SP): This article is an update to Researching Dutch Law (Updated on November 1, 2001). There are numerous additions, changes for some Web site addresses, as well as some deletions. These additions and changes are indicated by (yellow background color) for easy identification.
- The Dutch Legal System
- Government: General
- Local Communities
- Water Boards
- Trade and Product Boards
- Other (Semi) Government Institutions
- Case Law
- Law Faculties
- Law Libraries
- Law Dictionaries
- Discussion List
- Miscellaneous Legal Sites
The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) was founded in 1813. It was part of France from 1795 until 1813, before 1795 the greater part of the current territory was governed by a confederation of sovereign provinces (Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden).
'Central government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Since 1814 there has been a hereditary monarchy occupied in turn by Kings William I, William II and William III, followed by the Princess Regent Emma and Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana and Beatrix' (more information on the websites of the Royal House and the State Archives' Services). 'The King is immune, ministers are politically responsible and subject to criminal law. In practice only the political responsibility of ministers has any real meaning. Legally speaking the King forms part of the government but actually it is the responsible ministers who make policy' (Constantijn Kortmann and Paul Bovend' Eert, The Kingdom of the Netherlands. An introduction to Dutch Constitutional law, Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, Deventer, Boston 1993, p. 5). See on the Dutch constitutional order also Eric Janse de Jonge, The Netherlands, in: Netherlands Reports to the Fifteenth International Congress of Comparative Law, Bristol 1998, pp. 365-378.
Some former colonies are still part of the Kingdom: the Carribean islands Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, St. Maarten, St. Eustatius and Saba. They form a federation with the parts of the Kingdom in Europe. The Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands forms its constitution, which has a meaning superior to the written Dutch Constitution.
The territory in Europe could be characterized as a decentralised unitary State. Legislative and administrative powers are exercised by central, regional (12 provincies) as well as local bodies (more than 500 gemeenten). There are also other bodies and agencies that have legislative and administrative powers. Examples are the openbare lichamen voor bedrijf en beroep, the zelfstandige bestuursorganen (agencies) and waterschappen (water boards).
Types of Legislation
The most important form of legislation is the legislation made by the central government in cooperation with the Staten-Generaal (Parliament, consisting of two chambres): wetgeving in formele zin (legislation in a formal sense). Lower forms of legislation are rules made by other agencies that belong to central government, such as Algemene maatregel van bestuur and Ministeriële regeling, by the representative organs of provincies (these rules are called Verordeningen), waterschappen (these rules are called Keuren) and gemeenten (these rules are called Verordeningen), by zelfstandige bestuursorganen (agencies) or other openbare lichamen (public bodies).
Examples (in Dutch) of various forms of legislation can be found at Overheid.nl (wetgeving in formele zin as well as algemene maatregelen van bestuur and ministeriële regelingen. Two examples of rules made by gemeenten: gemeente Nijmegen and gemeente Amsterdam.
The Court System
General information (in Dutch) about the court system can be found on the website Rechtspraak.nl. The Dutch judicial system can roughly be divided into two subsystems: the general system and the administrative law system. The supreme court in the general system is the Hoge Raad (Supreme Council), it deals with matters of criminal law, tax law as well as private law. The lower courts are the kantongerechten (courts for petty offences and matters of relatively small importance), the rechtbanken (general courts of first instance) and the gerechtshoven (general courts of second instance). The administrative law system has a few supreme courts: the Afdeling bestuursrechtspraak part of the Raad van State (mainly dealing with planning law as well as environmental law), the Centrale Raad van Beroep (mainly dealing with social security and civil servants matters) and the College van beroep voor het bedrijfsleven (dealing with matters of trade and economic administrative law). The Hoge Raad has administrative law tasks as well (the chamber on criminal matters deals with punitive administrative law matters, tax law is considered a form of administrative law). The courts of first instance in administrative law are the rechtbanken. In tax matters the gerechtshoven are courts of first instance, in some matters of economic administrative law only the Rotterdam rechtbank is court of first instance.
The Effect of International and European Law
In the famous Costa-Enel case (6/64) the Court of Justice of the European Community has ruled that European law is an integral part of the national legal system of the EC member countries and takes precedence over national law. Therefore one cannot fully ascertain the applicable law without researching the relevant European law. The Eur-Lex database contains, inter alia, all Community legislation in force. See also the extensive Guide to European Databases, by Mirela Roznovschi.
Another judicial institution, which is increasingly influencing Dutch law, is the European Court of Human Rights, the judicial organ of the European Convention on Human Rights. More information can be found in Ann Burnett's Guide to Researching the Council of Europe.
As to the effect of general public international law in the Dutch legal order one has to look at articles 93 and 94 of the Constitution. These articles provide for the direct effect (self-execution) of provisions of treaties and of resolutions of international organisations if they are binding on all persons by virtue of their contents. When the Dutch judge rules that such a provision has direct effect, a citizen can invoke the provision in his case and the provision will then prevail over conflicting Dutch law. The question of direct effect is well explained by Brölmann and Vierdag in their contribution to The Integration of International and European Community Law into the National Legal Order. A Study of the Practice in Europe, edited by Eisemann, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1996, pp. 433-459.
Treaties, to which the Netherlands is a party, were officially published until 1951 in the Staatsblad and since then in the Tractatenblad, which is freely accessible as from 1-1-95 at the website Overheid.nl.
- NL-menu: Government
- Governments on the WWW: Netherlands
- Political Resources on the Net - The Netherlands (Governments)
- Dutch Royal House
- The Cabinet (ministers)
The Kamerstukken (parliamentary documents), Handelingen (minutes of parliamentary sessions), Kamervragen (questions by MPs + answers from the government) and the agendas are freely available as from 1-1-95 at the website Overheid.nl.
- Ministry of General Affairs (ministry of the Prime Minister)
- Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries
- Ministry of Defence
- Ministry of Economic Affairs
- Ministry of Education, Culture and Science
- Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport
- Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment
- Ministry of Justice
- Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment
- Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations
- Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
- General information
Websites of local communities can be found via
- Social and economic council
- Agricultural board
- Soft drinks and waters
- Wholesale vegetables and fruit
- Flowers wholesale trade
- Retail trade
- Animal feed
- Cattle, meat and eggs
- Grains, seeds and legumes
- Dairy products
Agencies (zelfstandige bestuursorganen)
- Employment agency
- Netherlands Competition Authority
- Independent Post and Telecommunications Authority
- Authority for the Financial Markets
- Dutch Media Authority
- Dutch Data Protection Authority
- Netherlands Industrial Property Office
- Inspectorate Work and Income
- Pension and Benefit Board
- Sociale Verzekeringsbank (responsible for the implementation of a number of social insurance laws and schemes)
- Implementation employees insurances
- Netherlands Court of Audit
- Centre for Work and Income
- Dutch Central Bank
- Insurance Board
- Equal Treatment Commission
- Cadastre and Public Registers Agency
- Netherlands gaming control board
- Kiwa Certification and Inspection
- Public Prosecution Service
- Research and Documentation Centre, Ministry of Justice
- Tax Office
- Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy
- Advisory Council on International Affairs
- Health Council
- Council for Culture
- Advisory Council for Science and Technology Policy
- Statistics Netherlands
- Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
- Social and Cultural Planning Office the Netherlands
- National Ombudsman
- State Archives' Services
Dutch legislation is officially published in the Staatsblad (acts) and the Staatscourant (ministeral decisions).
The collected texts of the legislation in force are also available in:
- Sdu Wettenbank (online database), published by SDU
- Algemene Databank Wet- en Regelgeving (cd-rom and online database), published by Kluwer
- Schuurman en Jordens (series of booklets), published by Tjeenk-Willink (subsidiary of Kluwer)
Free Internet Services
- Wet-en Regelgeving (official database of legislation in force)
- Overheid.nl (Staatsblad and Staatscourant from 1-1-95)
- Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
- RECHT4ALL - Nederlandse wetgeving
- Raden voor Rechtsbijstand: juridische bronnen gesubsidieerde rechtsbijstand
- The Netherlands Arbitration Act 1986; [with notes by] Pieter Sanders [and] Albert Jan van den Berg; [transl. from the Dutch], Deventer [etc.]: Kluwer, 1987, ISBN 90-6544-297-9
- The Dutch penal code / transl. [from the Dutch] by Louise Rayar and Stafford Wadsworth; in collab. with Mona Cheung ... [et al.]; rev. by Hans Lensing; introd. by Grat van den Heuvel and Hans Lensing, Littleton, Colorado : Rothman, 1997, ISBN 0-8377-0050-7
- The Extradition Act is published in International Criminal Law in the Netherlands / ed. by Bert Swart and André Klip, Freiburg im Breisgau: Edition Iuscrim, 1997, ISBN 3-86113-960-X
- Niederländisches Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch / F. Nieper, A.S. Westerdijk (Red.) ; [übers. aus dem Niederländischen], München [etc.]: Beck [etc.], 1995-...., ISBN 3-406-39640-2
- Netherlands Business Legislation, translated by Peter Haanappel, Ejan Mackaay, Hans Warendorf, Richard Thomas (looseleaf + website), The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999-..., ISBN 9041107908
- New Netherlands civil code: patrimonial law (property, obligations and special contracts) = Nouveau code civil néerlandais: le droit patrimonial (les biens, les obligations et les contrats particuliers) = Nieuw Nederlands Burgerlijk Wetboek: het vermogensrecht (zakenrecht, verbintenissenrecht en bijzondere overeenkomsten) ; transl. by P. P. C. Haanappel [and] Ejan Mackaay, Deventer [etc.]: Kluwer, 1990, ISBN 90-6544-482-3
- New Netherlands civil code: Book 8, Means of traffic and transport = Nouveau code civil néerlandais: Livre 8, Des moyens de transport et du transport / transl. by P.P.C. Haanappel, Ejan Mackaay, Deventer: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1995, ISBN 90-41-10129-2
- Electricity regulation in the Netherlands: new guide to Dutch electricity law / Annelies E. H. Huygen, Leiden : DSWO Press, Leiden Univ., 1995, ISBN 90-6695-113-3
- Constitution of 1983
- General Administrative Law Act
- Competition Act
- Telecommunications Act
- Copyright Act
- Neighbouring Rights Act
- Database Act
- Media Act
- The E.M. Meijers Institute of Legal Studies of the University of Leiden has published the cd-rom Dutch law in translation, which contains bibliographic references to translations of Dutch legislation.
The main Dutch law reports are Nederlandse Jurisprudentie (NJ), Administratiefrechtelijke Beslissingen (AB), Kort Geding (KG) and Rechtspraak van de Week (RvdW). These are both available in journal and in cd-rom (Kluwer Juridische Bibliotheek) format, published by Kluwer.
SDU also publishes several law reports, devoted to specialized branches. These reports are published in both journal format and in the online database SDU Jurisprudentie.
Free Internet Services
English translations of Dutch case law are scarce. There are a few periodicals however, which publish English summaries of case law:
- Netherlands Yearbook of International Law ("Netherlands judicial decisions involving questions of public international law"). Most of these summaries are reproduced in the International Law Reports.
- Netherlands International Law Review ("Netherlands judicial decisions involving questions of private international law")
- Uniform Law Review ("International Transport Law Conventions: A Digest of Recent Decisions by Courts in the Netherlands", by R. Cleton)
- Netherlands Bar Association
- Dutch solicitors/attorneys
- Guide to the Dutch Judiciary
- Councils for Judicial Assistance
- Royal Association of Notaries
- NL-menu: Universities
- Faculty of Law - University of Amsterdam
- Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- Faculty of Law - University of Groningen
- Faculty of Law - Leiden University
- Faculty of Law - University of Maastricht
- Faculty of Law - Catholic University of Nijmegen
- Faculty of Law - Erasmus University Rotterdam
- Faculty of Law - Tilburg University
- Faculty of Law - Utrecht University
- Open University, Heerlen
- Dutch Association of Librarians
- Utrecht University
- Tilburg University: General Library, Tilburg Internet Law Library
- Catholic University of Nijmegen
- Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- University of Groningen
- University of Amsterdam: General Library, Institute for Information Law, Library for International Law
- Leiden University
- Erasmus University Rotterdam: General Library
- University of Maastricht: General Library
The textbook Introduction to Dutch Law (see below) contains an extensive bibliography, edited by E.H. Hondius, of English language publications on Dutch law. In addition, the E.M. Meijers Institute of Legal Studies of the University of Leiden has published the cd-rom Dutch law in translation, which contains bibliographic references to academic publications concerning Dutch law.
Data Juridica is a bibliography on cd-rom of Dutch law journal articles, published by Kluwer. In addition, both the Index to Legal Periodicals and the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (available in paper edition and on cd-rom) contain many references to journal articles, dealing with Dutch legal issues.
In order to search the book collections of Dutch law libraries see the catalogues accessible through their websites (hyperlink to section Law libraries), referred to above.
Book and Journals
- Chorus, J.M.J. (ed.), Introduction to Dutch Law, The Hague [etc.]: Kluwer, 1999, ISBN 90-411-1120-4
- Bruinsma, J.F., Dutch law in action, Nijmegen: Ars Aequi Libri, 2000, ISBN 90-6916-339-X
- Netherlands Reports to the Fifteenth International Congress of Comparative Law, Bristol 1998
- N. Verheij, From private law to public law, Recent developments in the Netherlands, in: European Review of Public Law / Revue Europeénne de Droit Public, London 2000, vol. 12.2, p. 486-507
- Hebly, J.M., The Netherlands civil evidence act 1988, Deventer: Kluwer, 1992, ISBN 90-6544-656-7
- Rooij, R. van & Polak, M.V., Private International Law in the Netherlands, Deventer: Kluwer, 1987 (ISBN 90-411-0084-9) with update of 1995 (ISBN 90-6544-286-3)
- Netherlands reports to the ... international congress of comparative law, Deventer: Kluwer, 1970-....
- Burght, G. van der, “The Netherlands”, in: Blanpain, R., International Encyclopaedia of Laws – Family and succession law, vol. 2, The Hague: Kluwer Law International
- Ten Wolde, Prof. Dr. M.H.: The international and interregional law of succession in the Kingdom of the Netherlands since October 1, 1996
Law of Obligations
- Hondius, E.H. (ed.), Modern trends in tort law: Dutch and Japanese law compared, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999, ISBN 90-411-1156-5
- Jansen, Chr., Towards a European building contract law: a comparative legal analysis of English, German, French, Dutch and Belgian law, Tilburg: Schoordijk Instituut, Center for Liability Law, 1998, ISBN 90-271-49135
- Schuit, S.R. & Helleman, J. van, Dutch Business Law, loose leaf, Deventer: Kluwer, 1988- ..., ISBN 90-6544-974-4
- Hartkamp, A.S. & Tillema, M.M.M., Contract Law in the Netherlands, The Haque [etc.]: Kluwer, 1995, ISBN 90-41100-39-3
- Schuit, S.R. & J.E. Janssen, M&A in the Netherlands - Acquisitions, Takeovers and joint ventures; Legal and taxation, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1996, ISBN 90-411-0319-8
- Schuit, S.R., Corporate law and practice of the Netherlands : legal and taxation, The Hague [etc.]: Kluwer Law, 1998, ISBN 90-411-0568-9
- Wessels, B., Business and Bankruptcy law in the Netherlands, The Hague [etc.]: Kluwer, 1999, ISBN 90-411-9746-X
- Berg, A.J. van der, Delden, R. van & Snijders, H.J., Netherlands Arbitration Law, Deventer: Kluwer, 1993, ISBN 90-6544-770-9
- Vijver, N.R., Securities regulation in the Netherlands, Deventer: Kluwer, 2000, ISBN 90-411-1358-4
- Vriesendorp, R.D. et al. (eds.), Comparative and international perspectives on bankruptcy law reform in the Netherlands, Center for Company Law, 2001, ISBN 90-5454-109-1
- Warendorf, H.C.S. and R.L. Thomas (eds.), Companies and other legal persons under Netherlands Law and Netherlands Antilles Law, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1989 (looseleaf, updated regulary), ISBN 90-6544-977-9
- Spenke, G. te, Taxation in The Netherlands, Deventer: Kluwer, 1995, ISBN 90-6544-871-3
- Figgener, Robert, Europäisches Zollrecht in der niederländischen Rechtsprechung, Mendel Verlag
- Eijsvoogel, Peter V., Hendrik Jan de Ru, Dutch telecommunications law, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2001, ISBN 90-411-1469-6
- Ottevanger, T.R., Competition law of the European Community, the Netherlands and Belgium, The Hague [etc.]: Kluwer Law International, 1998, ISBN 90-411-0577-8
- Stuyck, J. & Vogelaar, F.O.W. (eds.), Competition law in the EU and the Netherlands: a practical guide, Deventer: Tjeenk Willink, 2000, ISBN 90-271-5263-2
Constitutional and Administrative Law
- Kortmann, C.A.J.M. & Bovend'Eert, P.P.T., Dutch constitutional law, The Hague [etc.]: Kluwer Law International, 2000, ISBN 90-411-1428-9
- Brouwer, J.G., A Survey of Dutch administrative law, Nijmegen: Ars Aequi Libri, 1998, ISBN 90-6916-302-0
- A, Klap, Recent developments in Dutch administrative law, European Review of Public Law 1994, p. 221 - 233, London Esperia Publications Ltd.
- A. Klap, Recent developments in Dutch administrative law, European Review of Public Law 1995, p. 158 - 171, London Esperia Publications Ltd.
- A. Klap, Recent developments in Dutch administrative law, European Review of Public Law 1996, p. 147 - 159, London Esperia Publications Ltd.
- A.J. Bok, Chronicle 1998: Administrative Law, The Netherlands, in: European Review of Public Law / Revue Européenne de Droit Public, vol. 11.1, London 1999, p. 223-240
- A.J. Bok, Chronicle 1999: Administrative Law, The Netherlands, in: European Review of Public Law / Revue Européenne de Droit Public, vol. 12.1, London 2000, p. 193-214.
- G. ten Berge en R. Widdershoven, The principle of legitimate expectations in Dutch constitutional and administrative law
- A. Heijmans, Chronique de vie administrative Europe occidentale et orientale – Pays Bas
- Vanheule, D., “The Netherlands”, in: Carlier, J-Y. et al. (eds.), Who is a refugee? A comparative case law study, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1997, ISBN 90-411-0348-1, Part I chapter 12
- Waard, B. de (ed.), Negotiated decision-making, Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers, 2000, ISBN 90-5454-053-2 (contains several contributions about Dutch law)
- Swart, B. & Klip, A. (eds.), International Criminal Law in the Netherlands, Freiburg im Breisgau: Ed. Iuscrim, Max-Planck-Institut für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht, 1997, ISBN 3-86113-960-X
- Lensing, J.A.W., “The Netherlands” in: Blanpain, R., International Encyclopaedia of Law – Criminal law, vol. 3, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, ISBN 90-6544-937-X
- Kampen, P.Th.C. van, Expert evidence compared: rules and practices in the Dutch and American criminal justice system, Antwerp : Intersentia, 1998, ISBN 90-5095-049-3
- Tak, P.J.P., The Dutch criminal justice system, The Hague: WODC, Ministry of Justice, 1999
- Brienen, M.E.I. & Hoegen, E.H., Victims of crime in 22 European criminal justice systems, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Productions, 2000, ISBN 90-5850-004-7, chapter 17
- Kalmthout, A.M. & Derks, J.T.M. (eds.), Probation and probation services. A European perspective, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2000, ISBN 90-5850-008-X, chapter 14
- M. Bonn, R.C.P. Haentjens, A.M.M. Orie, A.M.G. Smit, B. Swart, The regionalization of international criminal law, in: International Review of penal law 1994, p. 355 - 370;
- A.H.J. Swart, The protection of human rights in international cooperation in criminal proceedings, in: International Review of penal law 1994, p. 371-400.
- P. Olger, The criminal justice systems facing the challenge of organised crime, International Review of penal law 1998, p. 423-462.
- M. den Boer, A.M.M. Orie, J.M. Sjöcrona, M.I. Veldt, H. van der Wilt, The criminal justice system facing the challenge of organised crime, national report the Netherlands, in: International Review of penal law 1999, p. 575 - 620.
- H. de Doelder, V. Mul and M. van den Enden, Regulation of financial markets with particular reference to market abuse: a perspective from the Netherlands
- Brants, Chrisje. The principle of legality in Dutch criminal procedure. IN: Government policy and rule of law. Bart Hessel and Piotr Hofmanski (ed.). 1997, p. 175-197
- Faure, M. and Visser, M.. How to punish environmental pollution? Some reflections on various models of criminalization of environmental harm. European journal of crime, criminal law and criminal justice. Deventer: n. 4, p.316-368, 1995.
- Faure, Michael. A selection of empirical socio-economic research with respect to the functioning of legal rules and institutions in Belgium and the Netherlands. In: European Journal of law and economics, 2001, vol. 11, issue 3, p. 207-248.
- Korf, Dirk J.. Dutch treat: formal control and illicit drug use in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Thesis Publishers, 1995.
- Nijboer, J. F.. The law of evidence in Dutch criminal cases in a nutshell: the role of the expert. In: Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1993.
- Swart, A. H.. J.. The Netherlands. In: Criminal procedure systems in the European Community. London: Butterworths, 1993
- Tak, Peter J. P.. The Dutch criminal justice system: organization and operation. Den Haag: Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – en Onderzoek en beleid / Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Documentatiecentrum, 1999.
- Tak, Peter J. P.. The Netherlands. In: Criminal justice systems in Europe. Helsinki, HEUNI – Helsinki Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations, Deventer: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1993.
- Tak, Peter. J. P. The Netherlands. In: Sentencing reform in overcrowded times. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
- Tak, Peter J. P. et al.. The legal and practical problems posed by the difference between criminal law and administrative penal law. Revue internationale de droit penal. N. 59, 1988, p. 311-326.
- Vervaele, J. A. E. and Klip, A. H.. National report of the Netherlands. In: The implementation of the Corpus Juris in the Member States. Oxford, Antwerpen, Groningen: Intersentia, 2001.V. III, p. 637-678.
- Vervaele, J. A. E. and Klip, A. H.. National report of the Netherlands. In: The implementation of the Corpus Juris in the Member States. Oxford, Antwerpen, Groningen: Intersentia, 2001. V. IV, p. 345-360.
- Walig, Cornélie. The Netherlands. In: Environmental Protection. Potentials and Limits of Criminal Justice: evaluation of legal structures. Günter Heine / Mohan Prabhu / Anna Alvazzi del Frate (eds.). Freiburg im Breisgau : Edition Iuscrim; Max-Planck-Institut für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht, 1992. p. 496-504.
- Waling et al. Crimes against the environment, 65, International review of penal law. 1994, p. 1065-1099.
- Willemse, Hans. Overlooking crime prevention: ten years of crime prevention in the Netherlands. In: SEC (03 OCT 1996), v. 7 (1996), n. 3, p. 177-184.
- Corstens, G., La politique criminelle en matière de drogue aux Pays-Bas, Revue Pénitentiaire et de Droit Pénal Avril - juin 2000
- Wolswijk, H.D. Locus Delicti and Criminal Jurisdiction, Netherlands International Law Review, 46 (1999) p. 361-382
- J.F. Nijboer, A. Hieronymus, P.T.C. van Kampen, J. Janssen, Preuve Pénale et test génétique
- A. Beijer and A.M. van Hoorn, Report on anonymous witnesses in the Netherlands
- H. de Doelder, The system of administrative and penal sanctions, the Netherlands, in: The system of administrative and penal sanctions in the member states of the European communities, Volume I - national reports, Commission of the European communities, 1994-1995
Labour and Social Security Law
- Jansen, E.P., Labor Law in the Netherlands, Deventer: Kluwer, 1994, ISBN 90-6544-807-1
- Troskie, H., An Introduction to Strikes in the Netherlands, Den Bosch: BookWorld Publications, 1995, ISBN 90-75228-06-6
- Bedee, H. et al. (eds.), The international guide to social security. A country by country overview, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1995, ISBN 90-6544-8748
- VNO NCW, AW-V, Dutch law and the employment contract, The Hague: Confederation of Netherlands Industry and Employers VNO-NCW, 1996
- Pennings, F.J.L., Telework in the Netherlands: labour law, social security law and occupational health and safety aspects, Amsterdam: Hugo Sinzheimer Instituut, 1996, ISBN 90-73868-11-4
- Rood, M.G., “The Netherlands”, in: Blanpain, R., International Encyclopaedia for labour law and industrial relations, vol. 10, The Hague: Kluwer Law International
- Koeman, N.S.J. * Polak, J.E.M., “Environmental law in the Netherlands”, in: Koeman, N.S.J., Environmental law in Europe, The Hague : Kluwer Law International, 1999, ISBN 90-411-9739-7
- Faure, M. & Heine, G., Environmental criminal law in the European Union, Freiburg im Breisgau: Edition Iuscrim, 2000, ISBN 3-86113-929-4, chapter XI
- Gilhuis, P., Experience and perspectives with regard to the codification of environmental law in the Netherlands. In: Codification of environmental law: proceedings of the international conference. The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law Internationa, 1995. Environmental Law & Policy Series.
- Gronden, Johan van de, European environmental law in Dutch polder. In: Tilburg foreing law review. V. 8, n. 2, p. 135-157
- Lugt, Marieke. Enforcing European national food law in the Netherlands and England. Koninklijke Vermande, 1999.
- Nollkaemper, Judicial application of international environmental law in the Netherlands. In: Review of European Community and international environmental law. v. 7, n. 1, p. 40-46, 1998.
- Seerden, René and Heldeweg, Michiel, Public environmental law in the Netherlands. In: Comparative environmental law in Europe, Antwerp: Maklu, 1996.
- Verschuuren, J. The constitutional right to protection of the environment in the Netherlands. Austrian Journal for public and international law. Vol. 46, n. 1, 1993, p. 67-77.
- Vogelezang-Stoute, Elizabeth. Directive 91/414/EEC and its implementation in the Dutch Pesticides Act. In: European environmental law review, 9 (2000) 8/9, p. 237-242.
Sociology of Law
- Blankenburg, E.R. & Bruinsma, J.F., Dutch legal culture, Deventer [etc.]: Kluwer, 1994, ISBN 90-6544-766-0
Law and Economics
- Holzhauer, Rudi W. and Rob Teijl, Law and economics in the Netherlands, in Bouckaert, Boudewijn and De Geest, Gerrit (eds.), Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, Volume I. The History and Methodology of Law and Economics, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2000, 1094 p. ISBN 1 85898 984 1 p. 274-308 (http://allserv.rug.ac.be/~gdegeest/0355book.pdf)
- G.R. de Groot & C.J.P. van Laer: Juridische woordenboeken binnen de Europese Unie (Law dictionaries within the European Union)
- Foster, T., Dutch legal terminology in English: a practical reference guide, Leiden: Academic Press Leiden, 1999, ISBN: 90-74372-19-8
- End, Aart van den (ed.): Juridisch lexicon = The legal lexicon, Zeist: Gateway, 1995, 2000, ISBN 90-73489-09-1 (also available on CD-ROM))
- Leliard, J.D.M., Juridische termen: tweetalig (N-F/F-N) Lexikon van termen en uitdrukkingen uit de Rechterlijke Organisatie en het Burgerlijk- en het Strafprocesrecht = Termes de justice: lexique bilingue (N-F/F-N) de termes et locutions dans les domaines de l’organisation judiciaire, et des procédures civile et pénale, Antwerpen: Maklu, 1999, ISBN 90-6215-691-6
- Moors, J., Dictionnaire juridique français-néerlandais Nederlands-Frans juridisch woordenboek, Brugge [etc.] : Die Keure, 1999, ISBN: 90-5751-197-5
- Scheer, M.K., Wörterbuch der deutschen und niederländischen Rechtssprache, Deventer [etc.] : Kluwer, 1989, ISBN 90-6544-350-9
- Langendorf, H., Wörterbuch der deutschen und niederländischen Rechtssprache : Lexikon für Justiz, Verwaltung, Wirtschaft u. Handel, Deventer : Kluwer, 1997, ISBN: 3-406-34797-5
- Oosterveld-Egas Repáraz, M.C. & van Kanten, E.F., Juridisch woordenboek Nederlands-Spaans; Diccionario jurídico neerlandés-español, Apeldoorn [etc.] : Maklu, 1990, ISBN: 90-6215-271-6
- K. Boele-Woelki (ed.), Nederlandse rechtsbegrippen vertaald : Frans, Engels, Duits (Dutch legal terms translated: French, English, German), 's-Gravenhage: T.M.C. Asser Instituut, 1998, ISBN 990-6704-104-1
- Le Docte, Edgard, Dictionnaire de termes juridiques en quatre langues = Viertalig juridisch woordenboek = Legal dictionary in four languages = Rechtswörterbuch in vier Sprachen, Antwerpen [etc.]: MAKLU, 1995, ISBN 90-6215-480-8
- Van Hoof, D.C.; D. Verbruggen; C.H. Stoll, Elsevier's legal dictionary: in English, German, French, Dutch and Spanish, Amsterdam [etc.]: Elsevier, 2001, ISBN 0-444-81785-9
The Leidraad voor juridische auteurs contains guidelines how to cite Dutch legislation, case law, parliamentary documents and literature. On the Leidraad’s website you will also find a database of abbreviations of law journals, legislation, institutions, officials and legal terms.
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