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Hunting For A Job? Try the Internet

By Rhonda Keaton and Barbara Fullerton, Published on June 18, 2011

[Note: Revised and updated on June 1, 2011. Originally published on February 1, 2002 - with intermediate revision and update published on August 11, 2010.]

In the past several years, instability in the economy has made the job search even more challenging. Intrepid job hunters must engage in a multi-pronged attack and constantly educate themselves on new tools and resources that can improve their candidacy in an increasingly competitive arena.

The advent of the Internet created a new way for people to search for that "perfect" job. Electronic media has streamlined the connection between candidates and possible positions within a company, business or educational facility. Websites containing employment classifieds are much simpler to search than their print companions. Webmasters have designed ways for prospective employees to sign-up on job-finding websites and create personal alerts concerning their job needs. In many cases, the job hunter can post a resume online, which can be utilized by prospective headhunters and company human resources personnel.

Many of these job boards add value to their websites with information including relocation surveys, job search tips, moving companies, salary comparisons, city data, Fortune 500 information, real estate companies, and assessment resources. Most of these job boards have simple search engines and online help documents.

There are a few things for job hunters to consider when using these job boards. Watch for out-of-date listings, inquiries unacknowledged by potential employers, positions filled already at the company, and postings without date of listing or expiration date.

Two of the top popular job boards on the web are Indeed.com and Libgig.com. Both offer thousands of job opportunities but use simple search engines. Wise job hunters don't limit themselves to just these two. There are many other useful resources, many of which you may not have thought of. Below are a collection of tips and resources that will help you jumpstart your search.

Tips, Advice & Resources

  1. Not to overstate the obvious, but meeting people, making connections and networking within the profession are the surest routes to building a successful long term career. The information profession is a "small world" and very often the hiring manager for your "dream job" may be an old friend or colleague of the person you are serving on a committee with. Utilizing the power of electronic media is good but getting out from behind your computer and interacting is even better!
  2. Pay it forward. If, during your own search you run across a gem that doesn't fit you but is of interest to a job hunting colleague, share it. If someone asks you for a recommendation, advice or a contact, give it. Karma cannot be underestimated in a successful job search.
  3. Do not rely on just one website for your job search.
  4. Knowledge jobs are disguised in different industries using different identifiers so be creative. Make a list of job titles and identifiers and keep it handy for searching. Take a look at job descriptions, see what skills are being requested and translate your resume to "speak" the language of the job.
  5. Apply for jobs you might not think you are qualified for. If employers like your skills, they will adapt.
  6. In your specialized field, review jobs posted on those websites. If there is an annual conference in your field, take a look at the exhibitor list and search those companies for possible job openings.

Monster.com
With over a million postings, job seeker can post a resume and also create a job portal under the button "My Monster." This portal can help a person activate a resume to show potential employers, track online job applications, and create job search alerts. Monster.com was launched in January 1999.

Hotjobs.com
Hotjobs has been compared to Monster.com, and recently, Monster.com purchased Hotjobs. The sites are identical in nature in both searching and posting information.

USAToday
This is a great website for searching for positions. If a company has placed a job ad in a print newspaper owned by Gannett, the ad is automatically added to this website. Ads also come from national employers through USA Today, and from CareerBuilder (see next entry). Search by topic, state, or city. The database is updated daily. In my opinion, this has something more to offer than Monster.com or Hotjobs.com. I would recommend this website as one of your Top 5 job hunting resources.

Careerbuilder & HeadHunter.net
A job seeker can now find twice as many postings including international listings using both services. CareerBuilder has a Personal Search Agent (PSA) that searches for new postings that is initiated by an e-mail message. NOTE: for librarians there is a separate category for Library Science. This is different than Monster.com or Hotjobs.com where library postings are listed under Education. CareerBuilder and Headhunter.net have postings from a variety of resources, including ads published in print newspapers. At CareerBuilder, a job seeker can also search by salary requirements. The format of these websites is much easier on the eye of the searcher.

CareerJournal
This Wall Street Journal website lists ads from the newspaper for executives, managers and professionals. Compared to other job boards, they have a small database of listings.

AllStarJobs
Look for a variety of jobs listed in USA job banks, online classifieds, and career specific sites. All ads are listed for 60 days. Jobs are cross posted to Jobster.com, Indeed.com, vast.com, etc. RSS Feeds available per state.

Flipdog.com
Almost 500,000 job opportunities to search via category, location or by keyword. Librarian is not listed in the categories, so I used it as a keyword search. Powered by Monster.com.

Career Site
The advanced search uses a tool called Smart Match. Smart Match uses terms similar to your keywords to find additional jobs in your area. Headquartered in Pennsylvania, the company Career Ventures, LLC does business as CareerSite.com.

Futurestep
This website is set up by the Korn/Ferry International recruiting firm for executives and management positions. Seekers have to register to look at potential postings.

Glassdoor
Need a glimpse into the culture of your future employer? Glassdoor has it. In addition to a job search site, Glassdoor provides reviews and salary information on companies which is mined from anonymous postings by actual employees. You can also check out the salary and bonus structure at a variety of companies.

Indeed
One of the very best sites for a federated search for all jobs and highly recommended by the authors. Narrow down search by discipline and geographical area.

Nonprofit Jobs

Nonprofit Jobs Around the World is a large directory of positions in the nonprofit and community organizations available in 153 countries. Powered by Idealist.org, there are also volunteer opportunity postings and internship information. It is organized by country, state and organization. Idealist is the most comprehensive directory of nonprofit and volunteering resources on the Web, including private and public organizations.

Searching for Library or Information Professional Positions

There are some follies of searching for librarian jobs on the classified websites such as Hotjobs.com, Monster.com or 411Jobs. When searching for a librarian's position on these websites, use the keyword "librarian" or information professional, which will also find the keyword "library". Hits will bring up positions in the Library and/or Information Technology (IT) or computer postings. Library jobs can also be found in the "Education, Training & Library" category. The following websites are considered the top sites to use when looking for a librarian job. Besides associations' websites, state libraries' websites also provide postings for similar positions.

American Association of Law Libraries' Career Center
This is a list of open positions in the law library field. No search engine is available, but the descriptions are in-depth. This list is updated on a regular basis. RSS feeds available. To look for additional jobs, look at the chapters' websites. There are usually job postings listed on each website.

American Library Association JobList
The list is a directory of job openings after the publication of the last issue of American Libraries. Advanced search engine available. Postings are listed by the most recent date. RSS feeds available. Employer profiles are available for each organization, company, library, etc.

Association of Legal Administrators
Job seekers may view the current openings or search by job category. Besides legal administrator positions, there are classifieds for librarians, marketing directors, IT personnel, paralegals and other related professionals. Advertisements run for 6 weeks.

Special Libraries Association Career Center

New jobs are posted frequently on this site. Search the classifieds or view all available jobs. For members of SLA, one can also apply for a job or post a resume at this site. The system can also notify the member when a job becomes available that fits the user's criteria via RSS feeds. SLA also provides information to other placement and executive search firms. To look for additional jobs, look at the chapters' websites. There are usually job postings listed on each website.

[Editor's note and suggestion - see also: I Need A Library Job (INALJ), Naomi House, INALJ Publisher and Editor]

Social Networking Tools

Social networking has exploded and more and more job seekers, hiring managers and recruiters are finding perfect matches by utilizing them. If you are not yet fluent, take some time to get acquainted as this knowledge may make all the difference in your search.

LinkedIn

LinkedIn is considered the best social networking site for job hunters and it is ideally tailored to business interaction. In many industries it is considered almost unprofessional not to have a profile on LinkedIn. There are many strategies to building a profile to attract the eye of a recruiter or employer but, to begin, will you need the basics:

Use LinkedIn to look for money management job opportunities at Fisher Investments.

Facebook

Schools of thought on the efficacy and usefulness of Facebook for job searching vary wildly but there can be no doubt that recruiters and hiring managers are making extensive use of it to discover candidates. Facebook is also extremely useful to employers in identifying and excluding indiscreet/inappropriate candidates. What employers discover depends entirely on you. Many career counselors strongly advise that you remove yourself entirely from Facebook for the duration of your job search.

Others are strong advocates of the potential of Facebook's networking power. If you are a Facebook believer, here are three simple steps for a safer Facebook job search:

Other Library or Information Professional Organizations, Directories, and HeadHunters

American Society for Information Science & Technology
Search and view the latest information and technology jobs!

Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
This association was established in 1996 to provide job hunters with an easy-to-use resource for finding positions in ARL libraries. Current job announcements submitted by academic and research libraries.

C. Berger Group
This group provides job postings for information professionals and record management positions, including temporary positions.

Dice
This site touts itself, "The career hub for tech". If technology is heavy in your particular skill set this may be a place to find a non-traditional use of your education and skills. Search by job skill, company, title, and location.

Findlaw
Career Center for Legal Professionals. One can seek positions by subject (including Librarian), location, and keywords.

InfoCurrent: CoreStaff Services
Good information about open positions for librarian and records management positions. They are now venturing into non-traditional placement of information professionals in a variety of industries.

Library & Information Technology Association
A division of ALA that lists current postings for librarians focusing on information technology in libraries.

LAC Group
Headhunters for the information industry. Began in 1986 as Library Associates Companies. Good position listings.

Library Job Postings on the Internet
Website created by Sarah L. Johnson. List all positions by state. Great pathfinder!

Lisjobs.com
An online resource for librarians to find current postings. The site is maintained by information professional Rachel Singer Gordon.

LibGig
The latest job postings, comings and goings of the library and information community including new publications, products and services, events, and conferences. Job alerts and RSS feeds available.

Mountain Plains Library Association (AZ, CO, KS MT, NE, NV, NM, ND, OK, SD, UT)

Online Computer Library Center, Inc. (OCLC)

Pacific Northwest Library Association (AK, ID, MT, OR, and WA, as well as AB and BC in Canada)

Southeastern Library Association (AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, VA and WV)

State Libraries and Other Library Associations with Employment Web Pages

ALASKA
Alaska Library Association

ALABAMA
Alabama Public Library Service
Alabama Library Association

ARIZONA
Arizona Library Association

ARKANSAS
Arkansas Library Association

CALIFORNIA
California Library Association
California State Library

COLORADO
Colorado Association of Libraries

CONNECTICUT
Connecticut Library Association
Connecticut State Library

DELAWARE
Delaware Library Association

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
DC Library Association

Library of Congress

FLORIDA
State Library of Florida

Florida Library Association

GEORGIA
Georgia Public Library Service

HAWAII
Hawaii Library Association

IDAHO
Idaho Library Association

ILLINOIS
Illinois Library Association

INDIANA
Indiana State Library

IOWA
State Library of Iowa

KANSAS
Kansas Library Association

KENTUCKY
Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives

LOUISANA
State Library of Louisiana

MAINE
Maine State Library

MARYLAND
Maryland Library Association

MASSACHUSETTS
Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners
Massachusetts Library Association

MICHIGAN
Library of Michigan
Michigan Library Association

MINNESOTA
Minnesota Libraries
Minnesota Library Association

MISSISSIPPI
Mississippi Library Commission

MISSOURI
Missouri Library Association
Missouri State Library

MONTANA
Montana State Library

NEBRASKA
Nebraska Library Commission

NEVADA
Nevada Library Association

NEW HAMPSHIRE
New Hampshire State Library

NEW JERSEY
New Jersey Library Association

NEW YORK
New York State Library
New York Library Association

NORTH CAROLINA
State Library of North Carolina

NORTH DAKOTA
North Dakota State Library

OHIO
Ohio Library Council
State Library of Ohio

OKLAHOMA
Oklahoma Department of Libraries

Oklahoma Library Association

OREGON
Oregon Library Association
Oregon State Library

PENNSYLVANIA
Bureau of State Library
Pennsylvania Library Association

RHODE ISLAND
Library Programs: Office of Library & Information Services

SOUTH CAROLINA
South Carolina Library Jobs
South Carolina State Library

SOUTH DAKOTA
South Dakota Library Association

TENNESSEE
Tennessee Library Association

TEXAS
Texas Library Association
Texas State Library & Archives Commission

UTAH
Utah Library Association

VERMONT
Vermont Department of Libraries: Vermont Automated Libraries System

VIRGINIA
The Library of Virginia
Virginia Library Association

WASHINGTON
Washington State Library

WEST VIRGINIA
West Virginia Library Commission

WISCONSIN
Wisconsin Library Association

WYOMING
Wyoming State Library
Wyoming Library Association