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Turkey

A Legal Analysis of the Impacts of Administrative Court Decisions on the Validity of Private Law Contracts In Turkish Law - by Vedat Buz and Çağdaş Evrim Ergün
Published March 18, 2007
This guide by Prof. Vedat Buz and Prof. Çaðdaþ Evrim Ergün examines and documents doctrine and case law on the authority of the administrative court in rendering decisions on the validity of private law contracts.

The Directorate of Legal Research at the Library of Congress: A Treasure Hidden Under a Bushel Basket - by Michael Ravnitzky
Published November 12, 2006
Michael Ravnitzky pulls back the curtain on a little known but extensive (his findings date back to 1915) and continuously updated source of topical comparative and international law reports, on subjects of public interest, produced each year by experts within the Library of Congress.

Foreign and Transnational Legal Forms - by Mary Ramsey
Published December 17, 2005
Mary Rumsey's guide identifies major sources of free and fee-based foreign and transnational forms that are available in print, on the web, and through online services. Her emphasis is on transactional forms (instruments), rather than litigation forms, but some litigation forms are included.

Russia

Researching Intellectual Property Law In The Russian Federation - by Julian Zegelman
Published August 19, 2005
Julian Zegelman's comprehensive guide on researching contemporary intellectual property law in the Russian Federation includes an overview of the state's political and legal system and its respective federal IP law; recommendations on research strategies utilizing specific print and online sources; and an annotated bibliography of primary resources.

Australia

Update to Researching Australian Law - by Nicholas Pengelley
Published June 23, 2005
Nicholas Pengelley has updated his guide which covers online and print resources in areas including: Parliaments and Laws; Finding Australian Legislation; Courts and Judgments; Finding Australian Cases; Treaties; Secondary Sources; Journal Literature; Legal Encyclopedias; and Government Information.

Canada

Review of Annotated Refugee Convention: Fifty Years of North American Jurisprudence - by Elisa Mason
Published June 23, 2005
Elisa Mason provides a detailed review of a significant scholarly work that surveys a broad range of Canadian and U.S. refugee and asylum decisions.

Mexico

The Federal Civil Code of Mexico - by Jorge A. Vargas
Published May 15, 2005
Prof. Jorge A. Vargas documents the historical background, legal significance, and salient aspects of Mexico's Civil Code, as well as providing detailed comments about "decodification."

Using EISIL in Private Law Firms - by Krista Lindhard
Published April 24, 2005
Krista Lindhard reviews the many features and topics EISIL covers across the breadth of international law - including several areas that are particularly relevant for private practice.

New Horizons: Resources for International Competition Law Research - by Jean M. Wenger
Published March 13, 2005
Jean M. Wenger's guide covers print, online and web sources in categories that include: general publications, international organizations, regional entities, national competition authorieis and international cooperation, national competition laws, periodical literature, searching online catalogs, and recent international competition cases in the news.

Laboratory Animals: An Executive, Legislative, Judicial Narrative and Research Guide - by Deborah Paulus-Jagric
Published February 13, 2005
Deborah Paulus-Jagric documents highlights of the federal government's forty year history of defining what is an animal, and the associated humane treatment requirements, or lack thereof, as referenced in statutory, regulatory and case law.

UK

UK Constitutional Reform - by Lesley Dingle and Bradley Miller
Published June 21, 2004
In their comprehensive and detailed guide, Lesley Dingle and Bradley Miller document the steps that have been implemented in recent years to reform the constitutional system of the UK. The authors reference web, print and commercial database sources.

Scandinavia

Online Legal Information in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden Updated - by Suzanne Thorpe
Published May 24, 2004
Suzanne Thorpe's guide provides a country by country overview of the legal databases and online guides to electronic legal resources that are currently available.

Canada

Doing Legal Research in Canada - Updated - by Ted Tjaden
Published January 19, 2004
Ted Tjaden has made revisions and updates throughout his extensive guide, with special focus on primary and secondary resources, legal organizations and publishers.

Mexico

Electronic Guide to the Best Mexican Law Websites - by Jorge A. Vargas
Published January 19, 2004
Mexican law expert Prof. Jorge A. Vargas's comprehensive guide will be a tremendous asset to researchers, as it includes documentation and commentary on Mexican law information in English and Spanish, federal statutes and codes, the constitution, international treatises and conventions, the federal government, the state governments, and the legal background and history of Mexico.

Canada

Overview of Sources of Canadian Law on the Web, Revised - by Louise Tsang
Published December 22, 2003
Louise Tsang has made extensive updates throughout her guide to assist researchers in locating the current and retrospective text of Canadian law on the web.

Israel

A Guide to the Israeli Legal System - by Ruth Levush
Published December 22, 2003
Ruth Levush has updated her essential guide to Israeli law resources in print and online.

Europe

European Union Law: An Integrated Guide to Electronic and Print Research - Updated - by Marylin J. Raisch
Published November 29, 2003
Marylin J. Raisch updates her extensive guide on the increasingly pivotal area of resources concerning EU laws and institutions.

Update to Introduction to the Swiss Legal System: A Guide for Foreign Researchers - by Fridolin M.R. Walther
Published September 29, 2003
Fridolin M.R. Walther's guide includes key new sources and updates to primary ones.

WTO/GATT Research - by Jeanne Rehberg
Published September 29, 2003
Jeanne Rehberg has substantially updated her guide on essential sources for researching the current WTO system and the predecessor system under the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

U.S.

Update to A Guide to the U.S. Federal Legal System: Web-Based Publicly - by Gretchen Feltes
Published July 21, 2003
Gretchen Feltes' valuable guide has been enhanced with the addition of numerous new sites from government and academic sources.

A Guide to Russian Legal Research - by Marina Konioukhova
Published June 30, 2003
Marina Konioukhova's comprehensive guide has doubled in size with this complete revision and update, which includes online resources for subjects that include: state, legislative and executive authorities, the judicial system, federal jurisdiction and federal subjects, legal information systems, databases, guides and indexes.

UK

Researching Primary Legislation of the United Kingdom - by Stephen Young
Published May 19, 2003
Stephen Young's guide highlights online and print resources for tracking and locating the legislation made by Parliament.

China

A Complete Research Guide to the Laws of the People's Republic of China (PRC) - by Joan Liu and Wei Luo
Published January 15, 2003
Chinese law experts Wei Luo and Joan Liu's extensively documented guide details the major print, online and CD-ROM sources on the PRC's legal system, case law, primary and secondary sources, commercial database services, periodicals, directories, government agency websites, and also evaluates the authority of these resources.

India

Guide to Indian Laws - Updated - by V. Ramakrishnan
Published January 15, 2003
This is the most comprehensive research guide on this country's legal system available on the web, and it now includes an easy to use chart of free and fee-based sites on Indian law. The author, V. Ramakrishnan, is a lawyer in South India who specializes in corporate law and arbitration.

Russia

Material on Russian Federation Law in English: Updated - by Lucy Cox
Published January 15, 2003
Soviet law expert Lucy Cox's updated, annotated resource includes research and bibliographic guides, compilations of translated legal material, journals, constitutional law, important codes, courts, and other practice specific materials. She has also added links to numerous web sources.

Australia

Update to Researching Australian Law - by Nicholas Pengelley
Published January 2, 2003
Nicholas Pengelley's update highlights legislation, case law, online services, secondary sources, publishers, and major texts.

Lithuania

A Guide to the Lithuanian Legal System - Updated - by Elona Norvaisaite
Published January 2, 2003
Elona Norvaisaite has updated her already extensive guide with dozens of new links to government sponsored websites, secondary sources, news, commercial sites and portals, as well as information on legal texts.

Netherlands

The Requirements for Execution of Foreign Money Judgments in the Netherlands Absent a Treaty - by Norel Rosner
Published January 2, 2003
Norel Rosner presents the legislative provisions dealing with the recognition or enforcement of foreign judgments absent a treaty, as well as documenting the case law on the matter.

A Challenging Move on the International Stage: Zero Withholding on Direct Dividends in the New US-UK Tax Treaty - by Diana H. van der Merwe
Published December 2, 2002
Diana H. van der Merwe's extensively documented commentary focuses on whether or not the US should adopt in its model tax treaty a zero withholding tax policy on direct dividends, and she also examines the possible global ramifications.

The Indonesian Legal System: An Overview - by Benny S. Tabalujan
Published December 2, 2002
Dr. Benny S. Tabalujan's guide details his country's constitutional structure, legislation, the courts, the government, legal professonals, and researching Indonesian law and business legislation online.

Croatia

The Croatian Legal System - by Dunja Kuecking and Milivoje Žugic
Published December 2, 2002
Dunja Kuecking and Milivoje Žugic's guide provides detailed information on the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches of the government, including addresses, government phone numbers and links where available, as well as topical links on issues including human rights, legal education, and legal publishers.

Caribbean

Guide to Caribbean Law Research - by Yemisi Dina
Published November 18, 2002
Yemisi Dina documents the legal system and court systems of this region, along with applicable international law sources, legislation, law reporting, journals and textbooks, and other resources.

Costa Rica

A Guide to Legal Research in Costa Rica - by Roger A. Peterson
Published November 18, 2002
Attorney Roger A. Peterson uses detailed flow charts to document Costa Rica's judicial branch and National Registry System. In addition, he reviews primary and secondary legal materials, and a range of other online and print resources for researchers.

Netherlands

Update to Researching Dutch Law - by Oswald Jansen and George Middeldorp
Published November 18, 2002
Oswald Jansen and George Middeldorp have updated their extensive guide with additional links to government data, legal research resources on the Web, and a significant range of legal text books.

Latvia

Latvian Law Guide - by Ilona Ceica and Ligita Vasermane
Published November 4, 2002
This guide, by Ilona Ceica and Ligita Vasername of the Riga Graduate School of Law, is a detailed documentation of print and electronic resources available for their country's legal system. Topics covered include: the executive, judicial and legislative branches, areas of law from banking to tax, court decisions, reference sources, and law schools and law journals.

Europe

European Union Law: An Integrated Guide to Electronic and Print Research - by Marylin J. Raisch
Published October 15, 2002
Marylin J. Raisch's extensive guide includes: treaties establishing the European Union, legislation, case law, periodical literature and other sources, implementing legislation at the national level, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, citation issues, and "a guide to the guides."

China

Judicial Information of the People's Republic of China: A Survey - by Zhai Jianxiong
Published October 1, 2002
Zhai Jianxiong, a librarian at the National Library of China, details his country's judicial system (both the higher and provincial courts), along with providing trial statistics. In addition, he surveys his country's range of legal publications as well as highlighting web sites for legal researchers in English and Chinese.

South Africa

Researching South African Law - by Amanda Barratt and Pamela Snyman
Published October 1, 2002
Cape Town law librarians Amanda Barratt and Pamela Snyman's guide reviews their country's legislative, executive and juiciary branches, sources for case law in print and online, legal journals, reference works, text books, useful websites for South African legal research, and more.

UK

A Guide to the UK Legal System - Updated - by Sarah Carter
Published October 1, 2002
Sarah Carter has made updates throughout her guide, with special attention to new additions in the section on standard texts on specific areas of law.

Tunisia

A Guide to the Tunisian Legal System - by Dahmène Touchent
Published September 16, 2002
Dahmène Touchent's guide reviews the country's executive, legislative and judicial power structures, the Parliament and other authorities, government agencies, laws, jurisprudence and treaties, legal literature and legal sites.

Brazil

Doing Legal Research in Brazil 2002 - by Edilenice Passos
Published September 2, 2002
Edilenice Passos has updated her expansive and detailed guide that spans judicial and legislative sources, primary legal resources, institutions dealing with judicial information, legal research, codes, topical areas of the law, bibliographic references, and citations.

New Zealand

An Introduction to New Zealand Law & Legal Information 2002 - by Margaret Greville
Published September 2, 2002
Law Librarian, lawyer and author Margaret Greville provides a guide rich in content and links to her country's legal system, with topics including the government and legal system, primary legal information, the legal profession, legal news sources and legal texts.

Moldova

An Overview of the Legal System of the Republic of Moldova - by Svetlana Andritchi and Mariana Harjevschi
Published August 15, 2002
Mariana Harjevschi and Svetlana Andritchi's guide includes a background of the Moldovan legal system, executive, judicial and legislative powers, the country's new civil code, related legal institutions and many useful web resources.

U.S.

Update to A Guide to the U.S. Federal Legal System: Web-Based Publicly Accessible Sources - by Gretchen Feltes
Published August 15, 2002
Gretchen Fletes' updated guide is a valuable teaching tool, and an excellent resource for researchers who want a concise overview of major topical resources available free through government, academic and corporate sponsored Web sites.

Finding the Law: Islamic Law (Sharia) - by Andrew Grossman
Published August 1, 2002
International law expert Andrew Grossman's guide is an important and timely bibliographic resource that charts the methodology of researching Islamic law using print and online resources.

Canada

Overview of Sources of Canadian Law on the Web, Update 3 - by Louise Tsang
Published July 15, 2002
Louise Tsang reviews Canadian Meta Sites, sources of law (statutes and regs), case law, and links to provinces and territories.

UK

FLAG: The New Internet Gateway to Foreign Law Holdings in the UK National and University Libraries - by Peter Clinch
Published July 15, 2002
Dr. Peter Clinch details The Foreign Law Guide or FLAG project, which has developed a free Internet database describing the holdings of foreign, international and comparative law in the national and university libraries of the United Kingdom.

Liechtenstein

Mini Research Guide to the Law of Liechtenstein - by Ted Metzler
Published June 28, 2002
Ted Metzler's guide includes print and online resources, in English and German, as well as a corresponding PowerPoint presentation.

UK

caLIM: Current Awareness for Legal Information Managers Web Database - by David Gee and Steven Whittle
Published June 17, 2002
David Gee and Steven Whittle document the history and content of this free UK database of bibliographic records of articles and books relevant to legal information professionals.

Asia

A Web Guide to Free Legal and Compliance Resources on the Asia Pacific Region - by Jane Macoustra
Published June 3, 2002
Jane Macoustra, a librarian based in Hong Kong, has developed an Asia Pacific country guide of free and reliable legal, financial and regulatory resources available in English.

Canada

Doing Legal Research in Canada - by Ted Tjaden
Published June 3, 2002
Ted Tjaden, a lawyer and law librarian in Toronto, has updated his remarkably comprehensive, multi-part guide for non-Canadian researchers, inclusive of print and online resources.

Kazakhstan

A Legal Research Guide to Kazakhstan - by Victor Malinovskiy and Karim Shakirov
Published June 3, 2002
Victor Malinovskiy and Karim Shakirov's guide highlights Kazakstan's constitution, presidency, government, court system, legal system, electronic sources, and more.

Morocco

Guide to the Morocco Legal System - by Dahmène Touchent
Published May 15, 2002
Dahmène Touchent's guide highlights the country's executive, legislative and judicial powers, the courts, other authorities, legal literature, legal sites, and more.

Ukraine

Research Guide to Ukrainian Law - by Myroslava Kryvonos
Published May 1, 2002
Myroslava Kryvonos's expansive guide includes resources on Ukrainian law, the history of the country's legal system, the legislative system, legal education, legal materials, legal citations and other legal related sources.

Pacific

Update to Law of the Pacific Islands: A Guide to Web Based Resources - by Ruth Bird
Published April 15, 2002
Ruth Bird of Phillips Fox in Australia has added new links to her Pacific Island Group resources guide.

Yugoslavia

Guide to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Legal Research - by Jelena Glisic and Marija Pavlovic
Published April 15, 2002
Jelena Glisic and Marija Pavlovic's important guide documents the evolving legal system in their country, and details the government and legislative structures, services and authority, legal texts and periodicals, online resources, and publishers.

Tajikistan

Researching Tajik Law: A Guide to the Tajik Legal System - by Nargis Bozorova
Published April 1, 2002
Nargis Bozorova's guide provides an overview of the country's history, the legal system, legislation, the constitution, government structure, and related web resources.

Kyrgyz Republic

Overview of the Legal System of the Kyrgyz Republic and Web Resources - by Sania Battalova
Published March 18, 2002
Sania Battalova's guide addresses the state structure, the legal system, the judicial system, and a range of law including contract, tax, property, labor, and IP, along with available web resources.

Mexico

Electronic Guide to Mexican Law - by Francisco Avalos and Elisa Donnadieu
Published March 1, 2002
Francisco Avalos and Elisa Donnadieu's guide includes an overview of Mexico's government and legal system, primary federal legislation, legislative sources, NAFTA, state governments, and many useful web links.

Japan

Update to Japanese Law via the Internet - by Dr. Makoto Ibusuki
Published February 15, 2002
Prof. Makoto Ibusuki informs us about important new Japanese resources on the web including the consolidated code database, the Supreme Court judgment database and the Gazette database.

Belarus

The Belarus Legal System - by Tatyana Khodosevich
Published February 1, 2002
Tatyana Khodosevich's guide includes an overview of the government, the presidency, the legal and judicial systems, legal documentation, and Internet resources.

Azerbaijan

A Guide to the Republic of Azerbaijan Law Research - by Fakhri Akperov Gudrat
Published January 15, 2002
Fakhri Akperov Gudrat's guide details print and Internet resources on areas including: the legislative system, sources of law, case law, official government web sites, administrative divisions, official texts of law, and Internet sources on law and legal regulations.

Spain

A Guide to the Spanish Legal System - by Olga Cabrero
Published January 15, 2002
Olga Cabrero's extensive guide covers Spain's political system, their legal system and the legal profession. She also includes a bibliography of texts by type of law, and topical Internet resources.

Finland

Update to Finnish Law on the Internet - by Sami Sarvilinna
Published January 1, 2002
Sami Sarvilinna has updated his guide with new web links on sources of law in the public domain, government information, and legal education data.

Uzbekistan

A Guide to Uzbekistan Legal Research - by Maria S. Stalbovskaya
Published January 1, 2002
Maria S. Stalbovskaya's guide addresses her country's government, laws, legislation, and available web resources.

Lithuania

A Guide to the Lithuanian Legal System - by Elona Norvaisaite
Published December 17, 2001
Elona Norvaisaite's guide covers the Lithuanian legal system, sources of law, courts and case law, government information, and a range of topical information for researchers.

Poland

Update to An Overview of Polish Law - by Piotr Rakowski and Robert Rybicki
Published December 17, 2001
Piotr Rakowski and Robert Rybicki's updated guide highlights sources of online and hard copy resources on Polish law, government ministries and agencies, legal organizations and the profession, and legal research tools.

Hungary

Introduction to Hungarian Law Research - by Zsuzsanna Antal
Published December 3, 2001
Zsuzsanna Antal's guide review's Hungary's constitution, parliament, Presidency, courts, national and local government, the judiciary, the legal profession, and sources of legal literature.

Romania

Update to Doing Legal Research in Romania - by Dana Neacsu
Published December 3, 2001
Dana Neacsu has updated her guide on Romania, and added a new section on International Law and EU Expansion.

Middle East

Middle East Issue Experts - by Paul Healey
Published November 15, 2001
Compiled by Paul D. Healy, this annotated list includes Islamic experts, centers for the study of Islam in North America, academic institutions focusing on the study of Islam and religious studies, and other resources.

Switzerland

Update to Introduction to the Swiss Legal System: A Guide for Foreign Researchers - by Fridolin M.R. Walther
Published November 15, 2001
Swiss attorney Fridolin M.R. Walther has updated his guide with numerous new Web resources on topics that include the government, citation rules, and areas from antitrust through tax law.

UK

The Electronic Parliament: Resources for Tracking U.K. Legislation - by Stephen Young
Published November 15, 2001
Stephen Young provides researchers with a detailed guide on the UK legislative process, inclusive of an easy to use table to track bills through Parliament, and a chart outlining the process for a public bill.

Netherlands

Update to Researching Dutch Law - by Oswald Jansen and George Middeldorp
Published November 1, 2001
Oswald Jansen & George Middeldorp have updated their extensive guide with additional links to government data, legal research resources on the Web, and a significant range of legal text books.

U.S.

Update to A Guide to the U.S. Federal Legal System: Web-Based Publicly Accessible Sources - by Gretchen Feltes
Published November 1, 2001
Gretchen Feltes' guide is an especially useful resource in light of the 9-11 attacks and increased interest around the world in the U.S. legal system.

Algeria

Algerian Law Guide - by Dahmène Touchent
Published October 15, 2001
This guide is by Dahmène Touchent, who manages the Algerian legal portal, LexAlgeria. He provides an overview of country's government and legal structure, including resource materials in print and on the Web.

Europe

Finding the Law: the Micro-States and Small Jurisdictions of Europe - by Andrew Grossman
Published October 1, 2001
Andrew Grossman's guide covers Andorra, Cyprus, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican State; theChannel Islands, Gibraltar, Isle of Man, Northern Cyprus; and an addendum including Republika Srpska, Montenegro, Kosovo and Transnistria.

Israel

Guide to the Israeli Legal System - Updated - by Ruth Levush
Published October 1, 2001
Ruth Levush has updated her guide to include a range of online legal databases, services, Web sites, and more unofficial translations of statutory and regulatory sources.

India

Guide to Indian Laws - by V. Ramakrishnan
Published September 17, 2001
This is the most comprehensive research guide to the Indian legal system available on the web. The author, V. Ramakrishnan, is a lawyer in South India who specializes in corporate law and arbitration.

Russia

A Guide to Russian Legal Research - by Marina Konioukhova
Published September 17, 2001
Marina Konioukhova, head of the Center of Legal Information at the St. Petersburg City Public Library, is the author of this extensive guide on the laws of the Russian Federation, including state authorities, legislative authorities, executive authorities, the judicial system, federal jurisdiction and subjects, databases, guides and indexes.

Australia

Update to Researching Australian Law - by Nicholas Pengelley
Published August 15, 2001
Nicholas Pengelley's guide highlights parliaments and laws, courts and judgments, treaties, secondary sources, publishers, major texts and more.

France

Germain's French Law Guide - by Germain Claire M.
Published August 15, 2001
This guide, authored by French law expert Claire M. Germain from Cornell University, includes print and online sources, in English and French, on topics ranging from the Constitution to treaties, legislation, court decisions and key Internet sites for researchers.

Ireland

Guide to Irish Law - by Dr. Darius Whelan
Published August 1, 2001

UK

Update to A Guide to the UK Legal System - by Sarah Carter
Published August 1, 2001

Argentina

Guide to the Argentine Executive, Legislative and Judicial System - by C.P. Nicolás Jr. Kozameh, Dr. Ernesto Nicolás Kozameh, Ezequiel Trajtenberg and Prof. Eng. Julio O. Trajtenberg
Published July 15, 2001
Argentine law experts Dr. Ernesto Nicolás Kozameh, Prof. Eng. Julio O. Trajtenberg, C.P. Nicolás Kozameh Jr., and Ezequiel Trajtenberg's guide includes coverage of the legal system, the courts, commercial and administrative issues, the judiciary, and numerous legal web sites.

Germany

Legal Research in Germany at the Crossroads of Traditional and Electronic Media: An Overview - by Rita Exter and Martina Kammer
Published July 2, 2001
Rita Exter and Martina Kammer look at legal research from a practitioner's point of view and provide an overview of the major sources for German law research, including the emerging Web resources.

Russia

Material on Russian Federation Law in English: Selection of Sources - by Lucy Cox
Published June 15, 2001
Soviet law expert Lucy Cox's annotated guide encompasses a wide range of resources, including research and bibliographic guides, compilations of translated legal material, journals, constitutional law, important codes, courts, and other practice specific materials.

Sweden

Update to A Guide to the Swedish Legal System - by Ingrid Kabir
Published June 1, 2001
Ingrid Kabir's extensive guide to print, database and Web resources includes: the country's overall legal system, sources of law, the court system and case reports, indexes and digests, portals, legal publishers, libraries, legal news and current awareness, and citation methods.

UK

Devolution in the United Kingdom: A Revolution on Online Legal Research - by Stephen Young
Published June 1, 2001
Devolution refers to the 'transfer and subsequent sharing of powers between institutions of government within a limited framework set out in legislation.' Powers formerly vested in the U.K. Parliament have been transferred to legislative bodies in Scotland, Ireland and Wales, and Stephen Young focuses on the resulting impact on online legal research for these countries.

Brazil

Doing Legal Research in Brazil - by Edilenice Passos
Published May 1, 2001
The Brazilian legal system is highly complex, and Edilenice Passos has produced an exhaustive resource that spans judicial and legislative sources, primary legal resources, institutions dealing with judicial information, legal research, codes, topical areas of the law, bibliographic references, and citations.

Scandinavia

Online Legal Information in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden - by Suzanne Thorpe
Published April 16, 2001
Denmark, Norway, and Sweden are among the most technologically advanced countries in the world. Suzanne Thorpe details the extensive online access to legal information for each country, and offers an overview of the legal databases and online guides to electronic legal resources that are currently available.

Italy

Update to Overview of Sources of Italian Law - by Raffaele Ladu
Published March 19, 2001
Raffaele Ladu has made major revisions to his detailed guide to online and hard copy sources of his countries' laws, legislation and regulations. In addition, he has added an extensive section on citing Italian laws.

Update to Overview of the Sources of Italian Law - by Raffaele Ladu
Published March 19, 2001
Raffaele Ladu has made major revisions to his detailed guide to online and hard copy sources of his countries' laws, legislation and regulations. In addition, he has added an extensive section on citing Italian laws.

Mexico

Mexican Trademark and Copyright Law as it Applies to E-Commerce - by Jose-Juan Mendez
Published March 19, 2001
This guide, by Jose-Juan Mendez, an attorney specializing in industrial property matters, reviews the risks, protections, and remedies associated with intellectual property infringement under Mexican law.

France

Researching French Law - by Stéphane Cottin and Jérôme Rabenou
Published March 15, 2001
Stéphane Cottin and Jérôme Rabenou's guide on the French legal system includes extensive links to government, legislative, and academic sources, as well as to commercial services, legal texts, citators, and discussion lists.

Finland

Finnish Law on the Internet - by Sami Sarvilinna
Published March 3, 2001
Finnish lawyer and former judge Sami Sarvilinna's legal guide to his country includes: information on the constitution, court system, Parliament and overall government, as well as resources on the the legal profession, case law and legislation.

Canada

Update to Overview of Sources of Canadian Law on the Web - by Louise Tsang
Published March 1, 2001
Louise Tsang updates her valuable guide to web-based information on Canadian governments, legislatures, courts and legal research

Israel

A Guide to the Israeli Legal System - by Ruth Levush
Published January 15, 2001
Ruth Levush, an Israeli law expert, provides a detailed guide for researchers that includes the court system, statutory and regulatory sources, case reports, legal commentaries and legal databases.

Netherlands

Researching Dutch Law - by Oswald Jansen and George Middeldorp
Published January 2, 2001
Oswald Jansen & George Middeldorp's extensively documented article on the Dutch legal system includes links to: the Parliament, Ministries, Provinces, the court system, legislation, major agencies, trade and product boards, and a bibliography of legal textbooks.

Europe

European Document Delivery Services - by Anke Baumgartner
Published December 18, 2000
Anke Baumgartner reviews some of the key document providers in Europe for journal articles, books, reports, conferences and dissertations available for purchase or loan.

Japan

Japanese Law Via The Internet - by Dr. Makoto Ibusuki
Published December 18, 2000
According to Dr. Makoto Ibusuki, Professor of Law at Japan's Kagoshima University, his country's legal resources are not well represented on the Web, and most of the available data is in Japanese. He provides references and links to legislation, case law, government resources, secondary resources and legal guides.

Belgium

Research Guide to Belgian Law - by Christoph Malliet
Published December 1, 2000
Christoph Malliet, librarian at the Law Library of the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, reviews the Belgian legal system, legal documentation, legislation, parliament, law reports, law reviews, encyclopedias, treatises, and more. He provides links to Web resources, as well as bibliographic data for hard copy materials.

Switzerland

Introduction to the Swiss Legal System: A Guide for Foreign Researchers - by Fridolin M.R. Walther
Published November 15, 2000
Fridolin M.R. Walther, attorney, author, lecturer and researcher at the University of Bern, has created an extensive guide to the federal system, treaties, legislation, caselaw, texts on major topical areas, electronic research, libraries, and more.

Sweden

A Guide to the Swedish Legal System - by Ingrid Kabir
Published November 1, 2000
Ingrid Kabir, law librarian at the Law Section of Stockholm University, reviews a wide range of information and resources on the Swedish legal system, including: sources of law, the court system and reports of cases, indexes and digests, parliamentary information, legal publishers, legal news, and more.

Pacific

Law of the Pacific Islands: A Guide to Web Based Resources - by Ruth Bird
Published October 16, 2000
Ruth Bird's guide deals with Internet sites providing caselaw, legislation and government home pages for the Pacific Island region. There are also links to relevant journals, academic sites providing dedicated Pacific Law Web pages, and Centres dealing with Pacific Law.

U.S.

A Guide to the U.S. Federal Legal System: Web-Based Publicly Accessible Sources - by Gretchen Feltes
Published October 1, 2000
Gretchen Fletes' guide is a valuable teaching tool, and an excellent resource for legal professionals who want a concise overview of major topical resources available free through government, academic and corporate sponsored Web sites.

Romania

Doing Legal Research in Romania - by Dana Neacsu
Published September 4, 2000
Dana Neacsu, a lawyer, law librarian and former judge, provides detailed information in six major areas: the Romanian legal system; primary legal resources; secondary legal resources; legal organizations; and specific topics in Romanian law.

Canada

Doing Legal Research in Canada: Update - by Ted Tjaden
Published August 1, 2000
Ted Tjaden has updated his terrific guide with numerous additions, changes for some Web site addresses, as well as some deletions.

UK

A Guide to the UK Legal System - by Sarah Carter
Published August 1, 2000
Sarah Carter, Law Librarian at the University of Kent, contributes an impressively documented guide to online, Web, and hard copy resources essential to conducting research on UK law and legislation.

Estonia

An Overview of Estonian Law and Web Resources - by Kart Miil
Published July 15, 2000
Kart Miil provides researchers an expert perspective on the Estonian legal system and specific areas of law, as well as numerous links to databases, courts and academic resources.

China

Beyond the Border: The Construction of the Chinese Legal System in Cyberspace - by Joan Liu
Published July 5, 2000
Joan Liu's guide on the evolution of electronic legal resources from the People's Republic of China includes databases, websites, CD-ROM products and other non-print materials.

Germany

German Business and Commercial Laws: Guide to Translations into English and Select Auxiliary Sources - by Martina Kammer
Published June 15, 2000
Martina Kammer's guide is a finding aid for people involved in international legal and business transactions, students, translators and anyone else who might be interested in locating English translations of German business and commercial laws. She includes print and Web sources.

Australia

Researching Australian Law - by Nicholas Pengelley
Published June 1, 2000
Nicholas Pengelley's comprehensive resource guide includes a wealth of information on parliaments and laws, courts and judgments, treaties, secondary resources, publishers and more.

Europe

Guide to European Legal Databases, Update 5 - by
Published May 15, 2000
Mirela Roznovschi provides updated links and additional information in this indispensable guide on legal information from government and secondary sources throughout Europe.

Poland

An Overview of Polish Law - by Piotr Rakowski and Robert Rybicki
Published May 15, 2000
Piotr Rakowski and Robert Rybicki, of the European Integration and International Cooperation Dept. of the Ministry of Interior and Administration, describe the overall legal system, identify key sources of Polish law, Web sites from the government and the legal profession, and more.

Canada

Doing Legal Research in Canada - by Ted Tjaden
Published May 1, 2000
Ted Tjaden, a lawyer and law librarian in Toronto, has created a remarkably comprehensive, multi-part guide for non-Canadian researchers, inclusive of print and online resources.

Europe

Guide to Researching the Council of Europe - by Anne Burnett
Published April 17, 2000
Anne Burnett, of the University of Georgia School of Law, provides a terrific resource for researchers interested in information and documentation about, and from, the Council of Europe.

Canada

Overview of Sources of Canadian Law on the Web - by Louise Tsang
Published April 3, 2000
Louise Tsang, of York University in Toronto, lists and annotates the major Web sources of Canadian law, including statutes, regulations, other legislative materials, case law and government documents.

New Zealand

An Overview of New Zealand Law - by Margaret Greville
Published March 15, 2000
Law Librarian, lawyer and author Margaret Greville provides an article rich in content and links to her country's legal system, with topics including primary legal materials, the legal profession, legal news sources and legal texts.

Europe

Guide to European Legal Databases, Update 4 - by
Published November 15, 1999

Italy

Italian National and Regional Legislative Resources Online - by Maria Teresa Leonardi
Published November 1, 1999

Overview of the Sources of Italian Law - by Raffaele Ladu
Published November 1, 1999

Europe

Guide to European Legal Databases, Update 3 - by
Published July 1, 1999

Guide To European Legal Databases - Updated - by
Published November 1, 1998

Guide to European Legal Databases - by
Published July 15, 1998

Links

Auckland District Law Society

British and Irish Legal Information Institute

Data Protection Registrar: Using the law to protect information in the UK

EUR-Lex: European Union Law Portal

European Industrial Relations Observatory On-line

European Research Papers Archive

European Search Engines, Directories and Lists
Links to numerous reliable search engine and national newspapers for 60 countries.

Guide to Foreign and International Legal Databases (NYU)

Hong Kong Legal Information Institute

Intellectual Property Rights HelpDesk: A Free Service Supporting Creativity and Innovation in Europe

Isinolaw.com Research Center -
China laws, government and trade

Transnational Law Database

WashLaw Web: Foreign and International Law

World Legal Information Institute

Books

Legal Issues in the Global Information Society

The Complete Idiot's Guide To American Government

Toward a Cyberlegal Culture