Features and Columns — September, 2014

"Stolen" LinkedIn Profiles and the Misappropriation of Ideas

Within the context of the decline of the law tort of "hot news" misappropriation, Professor Annemarie Bridy discusses a recent Pennsylvania case in which the parties are fighting over ownership of a LinkedIn account containing the plaintiff’s profile and her professional connections. The defendant, the former employer, asserted a state law counterclaim for misappropriation of ideas. — Published January 22, 2012

Forensic Bibliometrics: Information Quality Assurance in Scientific Literature

Everyone is familiar with the "corrections" columns in newspapers and the errata pages in the backs of books. But those corrigenda are a far cry from identifying the problems created when authors deliberately offer for publication fraudulent results. Research misconduct and the publication of fraudulent results in scholarly publications and news media has become a growing concern in many disciplines. Ken Strutin has researched, annotated and compiled core documents that address the causes of misconduct, spotting faked data, and repairing the damage to the information stream. — Published January 16, 2012

Knowledge Discovery Resources 2012 - An Internet MiniGuide Annotated Link Compilation

This guide by Marcus P. Zillman is focused on the latest and most competent resources for knowledge discovery available through the Internet from a wide range of open source authors and sponsors. These sites are sustained by academics, publishers, professional organizations, corporations, governments and NGOs. With the constant addition of new and pertinent information to the Web, a critical key is to find and leverage the relevant and reliable knowledge discovery resources and sites both in the visible and invisible World Wide Web. The selected knowledge discovery resources and sites compiled by Marcus provide a wealth of knowledge and information discovery sources to facilitate your research goals. — Published January 16, 2012

Deep Web Research 2012

Marcus P. Zillman's extensive research over the years into the "invisible" or "deep" web indicates that it covers somewhere in the vicinity of 1 trillion plus pages of information located throughout the Internet in various files and formats that current search engines either cannot locate, or have difficulty accessing. The current search engines find hundreds of billions of pages at the time of this publication. His guide provides extensive and targeted resources to facilitate both a better understanding of the history of deep web research as well to effectively and productively search for and locate these often undiscovered but critical documents. — Published January 16, 2012

National Digital Library System - Early Childhood Education and Family Literacy

David H. Rothman's latest commentary on the DPLA states his position clearly: Priority One of a national digital library system should be early childhood education, bolstered by family literacy. Other areas also count, but early childhood education is dearest to him and among those especially likely to give the taxpayers the most for their investment. We could use tablet computers and good old-fashioned tutoring and mentoring from librarians, educators, and volunteers to help the disadvantaged--parents as well as children. — Published January 15, 2012

December, 2011

Using tablet computers, e-libraries, and family literacy initiatives to encourage young children to read

David H. Rothman continues to articulate and comprehensively document the case that a public national digital library system should serve people of all income levels and all ages, centenarians included. In this article he focuses on how books for young, disadvantaged children are one area where it could make a special difference, and how better-off families would benefit along the way. — Published December 23, 2011

Overview of all FOI Law Around the World - 2011 update

Forensic intelligence analyst, legal adviser, lecturer, FOIA and Web expert, and Publisher of the Fringe journals (Dutch), Roger Vleugels has published his Summary of 2011 Update indicating that 88 countries now have a FOIA in power. This reflects 7 more than in last year's update: El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guinea-Conakry, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Tunisia. — Published December 3, 2011

Information Quality Resources on the Internet

This comprehensive, selective, focused, updated guide by web research guru Marcus P. Zillman comprises resources and sources that will help you to discover many reliable pathways available through the Internet to find the latest information quality resources and sites. — Published December 2, 2011

November, 2011

Taxonomies and Thesauri

Gail Rayburn, Taxonomist, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, shares her recent presentation comprising a comprehensive, well documented analysis and guide addressing core components including: what is a taxonomy, taxonomy structure, scope notes, hierarchical relationships, synonyms, acronyms, qualifiers, sample taxonomy entries, and taxonomy development. — Published November 26, 2011

Learning to Live Without a Statistical Abstract: Thinking about Future Access to Government Information

The U.S. Census Bureau anticipates that budget cuts will likely dismantle the entire Statistical Compendia division. James T. Shaw's presentation focuses on why there is no truly good alternative to the Statistical Abstract in terms of providing both convenience and breadth, either from other government or commercial sources. He provides descriptions of and links to other statistical sources and methods to mine available data moving forward. — Published November 20, 2011

ShoppingBots and Online Shopping Resources 2012

Marcus P. Zillman's guide, great for holiday and year round shopping, comprises a comprehensive listing of shoppingbot and online shopping resources and sites on the Internet. Comparison shopping for books, electronics, gadgets, clothing, green products, hotels? Looking for coupons, discounts, vouchers or last minute deals? Do you want to support local, regional or national products and services? Marcus' wide ranging listing highlights reliable, efficient sites and services to compare and contrast your shopping choices, and to make the experience more cost effective and satisfying, now and year round. — Published November 10, 2011

October, 2011

The Digital Death of Copyright's First Sale Doctrine

An important copyright case won't be argued in the Supreme Court, which on October 3, 2011 declined to review Vernor v. Autodesk, a Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision involving the applicability of copyright's first sale doctrine to transactions involving software and other digital information goods. Law professor Annmarie Bridy discusses the wide reaching impact of the first sale doctrine, without which there would be no free market for used books, CDs, or DVDs, because the copyright owner's right of distribution would reach beyond the first sale, all the way down the stream of commerce. — Published October 31, 2011

For Future SAKE

NPR's Senior Librarian Laura Soto-Barra highlights specific "Future Ready" skills that comprise e-leadership competencies: Skills, Attitude, Knowledge and Experience. — Published October 30, 2011

FOIA Facts: DOJ FOIA Regulations

Scott A. Hodes addresses the responses from various groups about the proposed new Department of Justice ("DOJ") FOIA regulations which call for DOJ components to "respond to the request as if the excluded records did not exist. This response should not differ in wording from any other response given by the component" when applying an exclusion to the FOIA. — Published October 28, 2011

Law Periodical Publishing Practices and Trends

Law librarian, criminal defense attorney and prolific author Ken Strutin brings into focus how electronic access to scholarly information is impacting library collection policies as well as professional publication formats, and as a result, how a new legal research environment is developing. Ken's article provides a selected collection of resources about the law review publishing process, emerging trends in the information cycle, and practical guides for developing an article and getting it to press. — Published October 26, 2011

September, 2011

The FLARE Index to Treaties Extended

The FLARE Index to Treaties (FIT), launched in March 2009 on the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies web server has been extended to cover about a third more treaties and conventions. In the past two years the Index has established itself as a valuable finding tool for the international lawyer. It is a fully searchable database now indexing and listing over 2,000 of the most significant multilateral treaties concluded from 1353 onwards and a number of significant bilateral treaties signed between 1353 and 1815. This article, by Steven Whittle and Peter Clinch describes the background to the extension and technical aspects of the updated implementation employed to deliver new content and finding features. — Published September 22, 2011

Ingenious Beta Catalog Interface - Good for Academics and Other Serious Users - in Newest Beta Sprint Video from DPLA

In his continuing review of the evolving Harvard-based Digital Public Library of America, David H. Rothman highlights the online demonstration of an ingenious catalog interface that he believes should please many an academic. — Published September 13, 2011

August, 2011

Ghost in the Machine: Managing the Information Afterlife

Ken Strutin addresses how the scope of digital estates is growing by leaps and bounds. Parents are registering domain names for their unborn children and social media sites are creating cyber cemeteries where friends and family can visit the last online impression of the dearly departed. The majority of transactions in modern society are created and deposited in digital environments operated by third parties on remote sites. Yet, the rights of users and their inheritors to that content are not clearly spelled out in statutes or court decisions. Ken's guide gathers current research about digital content ownership and disposition rights at the points where the life cycle has been interrupted or concluded. — Published August 24, 2011

The Growing Legal Implications of Tasers: A primer on the development, uses, and consequences of Tasers

Maureen Moran addresses research associated with the civil liberties, legal and law enforcement issues involving widespread availability - approximately 11,500 law enforcement agencies have acquired CEDs, or conducted energy devices. Tasers are the most common electronic control device used by law enforcement today. — Published August 18, 2011

FOIA Facts: Information is not Free

Scott A. Hodes explains how the spending reductions mandated by the recent Debt Ceiling bill will have tremendous impacts on citizen's accessing government information on a number of fronts. While most in Congress will tell you they are in favor of various access laws, paying for them is another matter. — Published August 6, 2011

2011 Sparky Award Winners Announced, People's Choice Contest Now Open

"Four new student films on the importance of Open Access to research and data have been voted the best by a panel of new media experts, students, and librarians in "Open Up!", the fourth annual Sparky Awards. Calling on students to articulate their support in a two-minute video, the contest has been embraced by campuses all over the world and has inspired imaginative expressions of student support for the potential of Open Access to foster creativity, innovation, and problem solving." — Published August 3, 2011

July, 2011

A Compilation of State Lawyer Licensing Databases

Trevor Rosen and Andrew Zimmerman's updated guide focuses on websites that will help you determine whether a lawyer is currently licensed to practice in a particular state. — Published July 24, 2011

Pretrial Detention, Bail and Due Process

Ken Strutin's guide comprises recent publications and other notable resources concerning the relationship between the administration of bail and the requirements of due process. Pretrial detention of suspects directly impacts the presumption of innocence. The cornerstone of the justice system is that no one will be punished without the benefit of due process. Incarceration before trial, when the outcome of the case is yet to be determined, cuts against this principle. The Founders were aware of the dangers inherent in indiscriminate imprisonment, which is one of the main reasons behind the inclusion of the Eighth Amendment in the Bill of Rights, prohibiting excessive bail. — Published July 2, 2011

June, 2011

SharePoint and the Law Library

Lorette S.J. Weldon highlights the challenges her organization has encountered in its use of SharePoint to manage information through a client-matter-based-interface for attorneys, product management marketing and the library. — Published June 23, 2011

Hunting For A Job? Try the Internet

Acknowledging the economy in the past several years has made the job search process even more challenging, Rhonda Keaton and Barbara Fullerton provide proactive suggestions and a guide to a wide range of sources to support and leverage a multifaceted search effort within the competitive job arena. — Published June 18, 2011

FOIA Facts: The Most Transparent Administration in History?

Scott A. Hodes argues that we have no real benchmark to determine executive branch success in fulfilling Presidential promises about openness and transparency. Rather he contends that the measure is not each time the administration doesn’t release something in a timely fashion to say it has failed the test. — Published June 19, 2011

Commentary - Digital Public Library of America - can it live up to its huge potential?

David Rothman continues his commentary on the challenges faced by the Digital Public Library of America. He suggests the DPLA help state, local and federal governments create a companion digital public library system that would focus on the provision of urgently needed content and services, and share some but not all resources with an academic effort and even offer a common catalogue for those wanting it. — Published June 16, 2011

May, 2011

"Link Rot" and Legal Resources on the Web: A 2011 Analysis by the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group

Sarah Rhodes describes and documents the work of the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group's fourth annual investigation of link rot among the original URLs for online law and policy-related materials archived though the group's efforts. Link rot" is used to describe a URL that no longer provides direct access to files matching the content originally harvested from the URL. The Chesapeake Group focuses primarily on the preservation of Web-published legal materials, which often disappear as Web site content is rearranged or deleted over time. In the four years since the program began, the Chesapeake Group has built a digital archive collection comprising more than 7,400 digital items and 3,200 titles, all of which were originally posted to the Web. — Published May 19, 2011

Postcard from Vienna: The Vis Moot and the Triumph of Foreign and International Law

Nicholas Pengelley vibrantly documents, with accompanying photos, his latest experiences as evaluator of written memoranda, arbitrator at oral arguments, and sometime team coach at the Vis Moot, in which he has participated for a decade. The moot, which always takes place in the week leading up to Easter, is held in Vienna because of its associations with the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods ("CISG"). This is the law of the contract for all of the moot problems, which always involve a contractual sale of goods dispute between parties from two different countries. — Published May 19, 2011

Commentary: Why we need two separate digital library systems - One for academics and another for the rest of America

In Mending Wall, a 1914 poem blessedly in the public domain, Robert Frost gives us a classic dictum for literature and life, and maybe for inter-organizational politics in particular: "Good fences make good neighbors." On the whole Frost is anti-fence. But he understands his neighbor's side; what's more, "Mending Wall" resonates even in this era of global networks and sharable digital files. Frost died at 88 on January 29, 1963, just a little over two years after his poetry recital in the chilly Washington air at John Fitzgerald Kennedy's inauguration; but on the Web you can still hear him reading Mending Wall and more.

— Published May 15, 2011