Comparative Criminal Procedure: A Select Bibliography

Table of Contents

1.  Introduction: This bibliography lists selected English-language resources on comparative criminal procedure. It focuses on journal articles, book chapters, and treatises covering comparative criminal procedure generally, criminal procedure in multiple jurisdictions, and specialized research topics in comparative criminal procedure such as: arrest, pre-trial detention, interrogation, right to counsel, legal assistance for indigent defendants, discovery, plea bargaining, trial by jury, the privilege against self-incrimination, inquisitorial versus accusatorial systems, role of prosecutors, judges and defense attorneys, cross-examination, exclusionary rules, sentencing, death penalty, criminal appeals, and double jeopardy. A few comparative international criminal procedure titles are included.

Relevant Library of Congress subject headings for searching U.S. library catalogs and union catalogs such as WorldCat include following. Note that general comparative or multi-jurisdictional works are listed under the main subject headings:

  • Arrest
  • Criminal investigation
  • Criminal justice, Administration of
  • Criminal justice, Administration of – [country, region]
  • Criminal justice, Administration of – Cross-cultural studies
  • Criminal procedure
  • Criminal procedure – [country, region]
  • Criminal procedure–China
  • Criminal procedure–Europe
  • Criminal procedure–European Union countries
  • Criminal procedure (International law)
  • Criminal procedure (Islamic law)
  • Defense (Criminal procedure)
  • Detention of persons
  • Evidence, Criminal
  • Exclusionary rule (Evidence)
  • Exculpatory evidence
  • International criminal courts
  • Jury
  • Juvenile justice, Administration of
  • Plea bargaining
  • Pleas (Criminal procedure)
  • Police questioning
  • Pre-trial procedure
  • Preliminary examination (Criminal procedure)
  • Prosecution
  • Public defenders
  • Public prosecutors
  • Searches and seizures
  • Sentences (Criminal procedure).

2.    Primary Legal Materials

Legislationline (Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe/Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR)).

Legislationline includes links to English translations of texts of legislation of European countries on the police, prisons, right to a fair trial, and the death penalty. Under “Criminal Codes” in the OSCE/ODIHR Documentation Center are English versions of criminal procedure / penal procedure codes or acts for most of the following countries: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikstan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. The dates of amendment vary. Some codes of criminal procedure are translated through their amendments as of 1988, some as of 2015.

Selected Country Criminal Procedural Codes in Translation

You can locate translations of foreign criminal procedure codes by searching in library catalogs, legal research guides and bibliographies (such as Foreign Law Guide and GlobaLex), specialized publications or sites containing translations, and websites of relevant government agencies such as ministries of justice. Sometimes searches of full text journal or book databases will be useful in obtaining citations to criminal procedure codes in English translation.

For example:

·       China (via China Law Translate): 华人民共和国刑事诉讼法 = Criminal Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China (2012).

·       China: Wei Luo, The Amended Criminal Procedure Law and the Criminal Court Rules of the People’s Republic of China: with English Translation, Introduction, and Annotation (Buffalo, NY: W.S. Hein, 2000) (China Law Series; v.3); Jianfu Chen & Suiwa Ke, Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Law in the People’s Republic of China: Commentary and Legislation (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013).

· Eritrea: Criminal Procedure Code of the State of Eritrea (Asmara: Ministry of Justice, 2015).

· France (via Legifrance): Code de procédure penale – Code of Criminal Procedure (2005).

· Germany (via the Bundesministerium der Justiz/juris’ Gesetzeim Internet): Strafprozeßordnung (StPO) = The German Code of Criminal Procedure (2014).

· Italy: The Italian Code of Criminal Procedure: Critical Essays and English Translation (Mitja Gialuz, Luca Lupária, Federica Scarpa eds., WoltersKluwer/CEDAM, 2014).

· Japan (Keijisoshoho): The Code of Criminal Procedure and the Law for Enforcement of the Code of Criminal Procedure for Japan (Tokyo: Eibun-Horei-Sha, 2013) (EHS Law Bulletin Series; v.2 RA-RB).

· Poland: The Code of criminal procedure = Kodeks postepowania karnego (Joanna Adamczyk, 4th ed., Warszawa: Wydawnictwo C.H. Beck, 2014) (bilingual Polish-English edition).

· Russian Federation (via Legislationline): Criminal Procedure Code (2012).

· Russia: William E. Butler, Russian Criminal Law and Procedure (London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Pub., 2011).

· Somaliland: Criminal procedure code = Xeerka Habka Ciqaabta: English text & Somali version ([Hargeisa, Somaliland]: UNDP Rule of Law and Security Programme, 2014).

· Turkey (Ceza Muhakemesi Kanunu): Turkish Criminal Procedure Code (Feridun Yenisey trans., 2d ed., Istanbul: Bahçesehir Universitesi Yayinlari, 2014)

SHERLOC (Sharing Electronic Resources and Laws on Crime, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Database of Legislation).

  • SHERLOC contains full texts of criminal procedure codes/acts/laws for various countries in English translation; over 3000 documents from a Search By Keyword for: criminal procedure.

Foreign Law Guide (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff, May 2012- ).

  • The FLG is a web-based subscription service via BrillOnline Reference Works including references to criminal procedure codes in the vernacular and in English translation for many countries. It began as a loose-leaf service compiled by Thomas (Tom) H. Reynolds and Arturo A. Flores titled Foreign Law: Current Sources of Codes and Basic Legislation in Jurisdictions of the World (Littleton, Colo.: F.B. Rothman; W.S. Hein, 1989-summer 2007), then also web-based at from 2000 until June 24, 2013). The Foreign Law Guide or FLG includes in an alphabetical listing by country under each country, a subject arrangement which references laws and codes in English translation with links to free Internet sources thereof.

GlobaLex (founded and edited by Mirela Roznovschi 2005-2015; now edited by Lucie Olejnikova 2015- present, Hauser Global Law School Program at NYU School of Law) (free service).

  • The “Foreign Law Research” section of GlobaLex includes legal research guides for over 100 countries. Many of the guides includes sections on the basic codes including criminal procedure codes and have sections on how to locate laws in English translation.

WorldCat (OCLC; free web discovery service)

  • The WorldCat bibliographic service includes holdings from catalogs of thousands of libraries worldwide. To locate English translations of foreign criminal procedure codes or laws, you can search by the country as an Author and by Title: criminal procedure code. You can also search by the title of the code in the vernacular/original language and then limit/filter/refine by the language in which you want the translation, or use the Advanced Search page to limit by language directly. You can get the vernacular names of criminal procedure codes by using the Foreign Law Guide or GlobaLex. For example, you can find libraries holding separately published print (or e-cataloged) English translations of Turkey’s criminal procedure code (Ceza muhakemesi kanunu) via WorldCat.

The American Series of Foreign Penal Codes (Buffalo, NY: William S. Hein).

  • English translations of foreign criminal and criminal procedures codes formerly published by F. B. Rothman and now online via HeinOnline. Includes the French Code of Criminal Procedure (1988) and the Criminal Procedure Code of the People’s Republic of China and Related Documents
    (1985). Useful for historical research.

Trials – Sources of criminal trials include:

  • Old Bailey Online (The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London’s Central Criminal Court, 1674-1913) (has a “Crime, Justice and Punishment” section that describes trial procedures;  searchable phrase, person name, date, reference number, crime, verdict and punishment; contains 197,745 criminal trials)
  • Piracy Trials (Law Library of Congress’ digitized collection of pre-1923 piracy trials; arranged by title)
  • Famous Trials (site by University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Law Professor Douglas O. Linder)
  • The Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600-1926 (Gale Cengage Learning – MoML 3)
  • World Trials Library (includes American State Trials, Thomas Howell’s State Trials, trials of major war criminals, Nuremberg war crimes trials, Famous Cases, Sacco and Vanzetti, Leopold and Loeb, Causes Célèbres, remarkable trials of all countries).

3.     Books

  • Abdel Haleem, Muhammad, Sharif, Adil Umar, & Daniels, Kate eds. Criminal Justice in Islam: Judicial Procedure in the Sharīa (London; New York: I.B. Tauris; Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).
  • Akeredolu, Olusina. The Indigenous African Criminal Justice System for the Modern World (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2016) (Carolina Academic Press African World Series). Includes a chapter on “Revision of the Moroccan criminal procedure law”.
  • Albrecht, Hans-Jörg & Klip, André eds. Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice in Europe: Collection in Honour of Prof. em. dr.h.c. Cyrille Fijnaut (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2013). Includes chapters on public
    prosecution in Europe and DNA analysis in criminal proceedings.
  • Andrews, J.A. ed. Human Rights in Criminal Procedure: A Comparative Study (The Hague; Boston: M. Nijhoff; Kluwer, 1982). – Covers protection of the rights of the accused in pre-trial and trial procedures (preliminary investigation, arrest, bail, speedy trial, trial by jury, fair trial, right to counsel, search and seizure, detention, etc.) in Belgium, Canada, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and the United States.
  • Bassiouni, M. Cherif ed. The Islamic Criminal Justice System (London; New York: Oceana Publications, 1982).
  • Berg, Manfred, Kapsch, Stefan, & Streng, Franz eds. Criminal Justice in the United States and Germany: History, Modernization, and Reform = Strafrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten und Deutschland: Geschichte und neuere Entwicklungen (Heidelberg: Winter, 2006).
  • Bettwy, Samuel W. Comparative Criminal Procedure through Film: Analytical Tools & Law and Film Summaries by Legal Tradition and Country (Lake Mary, Fl.: Vandeplas Publishing, 2015). “This textbook describes analytical tools for studying comparative criminal procedure through film and provides summaries of the law of 50 countries and of over 270 films that depict criminal procedure in action in those countries.”
  • Billing, Fenella M. W. Right to Silence in Transnational Criminal Proceedings: Comparative Law Perspectives (Switzerland: Springer, 2016).
  • Blackstock, Jodie, Taru Spronken, Anna Ogorodova, Ed Cape, & Jacqueline Hodgson. Inside Police Custody: An Empirical Account of Suspects’ Rights in Four Jurisdictions (Cambridge, UK: Intersentia) (Ius Commune Europaeum; 113). The jurisdictions are England and Wales, France, The Netherlands, and Scotland.
  • Bohlander, Michael. Principles of German Criminal Procedure (Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart, 2012).
  • Boyne, Shawn Marie. The German Prosecution Service: Guardians of the Law? (Dordrecht: Springer, 2014).
  • Bradley, Craig M. ed. Criminal Procedure: A Worldwide Study (2d ed., Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2007). Adds Egypt and Mexico, but omits Scotland and Spain which were in the 1999 1st ed. Covers Argentina, Canada, China, Egypt, England & Wales, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, and the United States.
  • Bryett, Keith & Osborne, Peter. Criminal Prosecution Procedure and Practice: International Perspectives (Belfast: Stationery Office, 2000) (Research Report/Northern Ireland. Criminal Justice Review Group; 16). Covers adversarial and inquisitorial models of criminal justice, public and private prosecutors, prosecution structures, accountability and independence of prosecutors, equity and fairness, for Northern Ireland, England and Wales, Scotland, the Republic of Ireland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, and the U.S.
  • Caianiello, Michele & Hodgson, Jacqueline, eds. Discretionary Criminal Justice in a Comparative Context (Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, 2015). Covers prosecutorial discretion, plea agreements, exclusionary rules in the People’s Republic of China, Italy,
    Spain, Switzerland.
  • Cape, Ed, Namoradze, Zaza, Smith, Roger, & Spronken, Taru eds. Effective Criminal Defence in Europe (Antwerp; Oxford; Portland: Intersentia, 2010) (Ius commune europaeum; 87). The executive summary is available at the Open Society Justice Initiative website
    and includes recommendations for Belgium, England and Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Turkey.
  • Cape, Ed, Hodgson, Jacqueline, Prakken, Ties, & Spronken, Taru eds. Suspects in Europe: Procedural Rights at the Investigative Stage of the Criminal Process in the European Union (Antwerpen: Intersentia, 2007) (Ius commune europaeum; 64). Covers Belgium, England and Wales, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, and Poland.
  • Cappelletti, Mauro & Cohen, William. Comparative Constitutional Law: Cases and Materials (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1979) (includes sections on criminal procedure).
  • Carter, Linda & Pocar, Fausto eds. International Criminal Procedure: The Interface of Civil Law and Common Law Legal Systems (Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2013). Includes coverage of criminal procedures, such as plea bargaining, at the national level.
  • Carter, Linda E., Blakesley, Christopher L., & Henning, Peter J. Global Issues in Criminal Procedure (St. Paul, MN: Thomson/West, 2011) (American Casebook Series).
  • Charret-Del Bove, Marion & Mourlon, Fabrice, eds. Pre-Trial Detention in 20th and 21st Century Common Law and Civil Law Systems (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2014)
  • Cole, George F., Frankowski, Stanislaw J., & Gertz, Marc G. eds. Major Criminal Justice Systems: A Comparative Survey (2d ed., Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1987). Covers criminal procedure law in England, the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, Nigeria, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Sweden, and the United States. Includes an extensive bibliography of books and articles in English at pages 262-285.
  • Coutts, John Archibald ed., The Accused: A Comparative Study (London: Published under the auspices of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and the United Kingdom National Committee of Comparative Law [by] Stevens, 1966). Covers pre-trial procedure in England, Scotland; criminal defendant in the U.S.; administration of criminal justice in Northern Ireland; the preliminary hearing in Ireland; and criminal procedure in New Zealand, Malaysia, former British Commonwealth dependencies, Israel, South Africa, France, former French territories in Africa, Germany, Poland, the U.S.S.R., defense rights in ex-Belgian Congo.
  • Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2000). Includes chapters on restorative justice, crime prevention, emerging issues, new criminal legislation, policing, the prosecution process and the changing role of the prosecutor, sentencing, community sanctions, prisons.
  • Cryer, Robert. An Introduction to International Criminal Law and Procedure (3d ed., Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
  • Dammer, Harry R. & Albanese, Jay S. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (5th ed., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2014). Covers the reasons to compare criminal justice systems, cross-national comparisons of crime data (including resources for doing so), comparative legal systems, and criminal law and criminal justice in six model nations: England, France, Germany, China, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. Includes a section on law enforcement in these countries, criminal procedure, legal actors, courts, sentencing, prisons, terrorism, transnational organized crime, juvenile justice, and contemporary issues such as computer crime, human trafficking and migrant smuggling, terrorism.
  • Delmas-Marty, Mireille & Spencer, J.R. European Criminal Procedures (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002). Covers criminal procedure in Belgium, England, France, Germany, and Italy. Has a section on special issues such as The Public Prosecutor; The Balance of Power between the Police and the Public Prosecutor; The Role of the Judge; Private Parties: The Rights of the Defendant and the Victim; Evidence; Negotiated Justice; and Justice and the Media. English version of Procédures pénales d’Europe (1995). Introduction includes an historical overview of the development of criminal procedure in Europe.
  • Duce, Mauricio. Criminal Procedure Reforms in Latin America: Experiences in Innovation – Reformas procesales penales en América Latina: experiencias de innovación (Santiago, Chile: Justice Studies Center of the Americas, 2005).
  • Dupont, Lieven & Fijnaut, Cyrille eds. International Encyclopaedia of Laws: Criminal Law (Deventer; Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, c1993- ). The IEL: Criminal Law is also available via Kluwer Law Online. Updated 5-volume looseleaf service and online resource containing monographic treatments (so far) of criminal procedure law in Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Finland, Hellas (Greece), Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Malawi, Morocco, The Netherlands, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Zimbabwe.
  • Ebbe, Obi N.I. ed. Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems: Policing, Judiciary, and Corrections (3d ed., Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2013). Includes coverage of the criminal justice systems of Argentina, China, Ireland, Israel, Poland, Russia, Sierra Leone, the UK, and the U.S. has chapters on criminal procedure in Nigeria, the Islamic criminal justice system, and a case study of a criminal trial in China.
  • Eser, Albin & Rabenstein, Christiane eds. Criminal Justice Between Crime Control and Due Process: Convergence and Divergence in Criminal Procedure Systems=Strafjustizim Spannungsfeld von Effizienz und Fairness: Konvergente und Divergente Entwicklungen im Strafprozessrecht (Berllin: Duncker & Humblot, 2004). Includes English-language articles on general and specific aspects of criminal procedure in England and Wales, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Russia, Scotland.
  • Fabri, Marco. Four Criminal Procedure Cases Studies in Comparative Perspective: China – Italy – Russia – U.S.A. (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2016).
  • Feeney, Floyd & Joachim Hermann. One Case – Two Systems: A Comparative View of American and German Criminal Justice Systems (Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers, 2005).
  • Fennell, Phil. Criminal Justice in Europe: A Comparative Study (Oxford: New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press, 1995) (covers convergence and Europeanization of criminal procedure law in the Netherlands and the UK).
  • Fields, Charles B. & Moore, Richter H., Jr., Comparative and International Criminal Justice: Traditional and Nontraditional Systems of Law and Control (2d ed., Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc., 2005). Focuses on specialized topics in the area such as cross-national crime, international terrorism, organized crime, policing, corrections, juvenile justice, etc. Includes a section on “Law and Justice: Judicial Systems-Formal and Informal” which covers uniform sentencing in Denmark and Scotland, justice in the southern Philippines and post-British Nigeria, three Islamic legal systems (traditional Saudi Arabia, contemporary Bahrain, and evolving Pakistan), and a comparative perspective on the privilege against self-incrimination.
  • Gazal-Ayal, Oren ed.. A Global Perspective on Sentencing Reforms (Durham, NC: Duke University School of Law, 2013) (Law and Contemporary Problems, v.76, no.1). Covers sentencing guidelines in England and Wales and the U.S. and articles such as “Determinate sentencing and American exceptionalism: the underpinnings and effects of cross-national differences in the regulation of sentencing discretion” and “Moderate and non-arbitrary sentencing without guidelines: The German experience.”
  • Gewirtz, Paul, Johnson, Karen, & Cogan, Jacob Katz eds. Global Constitutionalism: Criminal Procedure, Courts and Politics (New Haven, CT: Yale Law School, 2000). Covers “the right to silence and the privilege against self-incrimination, the right to confront witnesses, and the relationship between the media and the courts in criminal cases” with illustrative cases from the Australia, Canada, England and Wales, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), Germany, Israel, Italy, the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY), and the United States.
  • Gilliéron, Gwladys. Public Prosecutors in the United States and Europe: A Comparative Analysis with Special Focus on Switzerland, France, and Germany (Cham; New York: Springer, 2014).
  • Ginsburg, Tom, Monateri, P.G., & Parisi Francesco, eds. Classics in Comparative Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub. Ltd., 2014) (Elgar Research Reviews in Law). 4v. Includes the following articles: Damaška, Mirjan (1975),  ‘Structures of Authority and Comparative Criminal Procedure’, Yale Law Journal, 84 (3), January, 480-544; Langbein, John H. and Lloyd L. Weinreb (1978), ‘Continental Criminal Procedure: “Myth” and Reality’, Yale Law Journal, 87 (8), July, 1549-69-Langer, Máximo (2004), ‘From Legal Transplants to Legal Translations: The Globalization of Plea Bargaining and the Americanization Thesis in Criminal Procedure’, Harvard International Law Journal, 45 (1), Winter, 1-64.
  • Giostra, Glauco & Vania Patanè. European Juvenile Justice Systems (Milano, Italy: Giuffrè Editore, 2007). Has national reports for Belgium, Croatia, England and Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, and the Netherlands.
  • Groenhuijsen, Marc S. & Kooijmans, Tijs. The Reform of the Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure in Comparative Perspective (Leiden; Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012).
  • Gruber, Aya, de Palacios, Vicente, & van Kempen, Piet Hein. Practical Global Criminal Procedure: United States, Argentina, and the Netherlands (Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2012).
  • Hatchard, John, Huber, Barbara, & Vogler, Richard eds. Comparative Criminal Procedure (London: B.I.I.C.L., 1996) (Comparative Law Series). Includes an overview chapter on comparative criminal procedure followed by separate chapters on criminal procedure in France, Germany, England and Wales, and a chapter on comparison between the three jurisdictions. Each country chapter covers Source of Criminal Procedure; General Principles Governing Criminal Procedure; Rights of the Accused; Phases of the Criminal Process (police investigation, judicial investigation, trial, appeals); Agencies Involved in the Criminal Justice System; Other Participants in the Criminal Process; Sources of Evidence; Finality; Special Forms of Procedure; Consensual Disposal; and Proposals for Reform.
  • Hodgson, Jacqueline. French Criminal Justice: A Comparative Account of the Investigation and Prosecution of Crime in France (Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart, 2005).
  • Huff, C. Ronald & Killias, Martin. Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice: Causes and Remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems (New York, NY: Routledge, 2013) (Criminology and Justice Studies).
  • Ingraham, Barton L. The Structure of Criminal Procedure: Laws and Practice of France, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987). Compares procedures for intake, screening, charging, adjudicating, sanctioning, and appeal. References relevant constitutional provisions, statutes, codes for each country on pretrial detention, searches and seizures, notice of charges and evidence against defendant, right of counsel, self-incrimination, non-public adjudication, double jeopardy, and right of appeal.
  • Jackson, John D. & Sarah J. Summers. The Internationalisation of Criminal Evidence: Beyond the Common Law and Civil Law Traditions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
  • Jackson, John D., Langer, Máximo, & Tillers, Peter eds., Crime, Procedure and Evidence in a Comparative and International Context: Essays in Honour of Professor Mirjan Damaška (Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart, 2008). Includes chapters by prominent scholars in the field on criminal procedure in Germany, Italy, the U.S., post-Soviet states, and South-Eastern Europe generally.
  • Jehle, Jörg-Martin & Wade, Marianne eds. Coping with Overloaded Criminal Justice Systems: The Rise of Prosecutorial Power across Europe (Berlin; New York: Springer, 2006). Covers the prosecution service function in England, France, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden.
  • Johnson, David T. The Japanese Way of Justice: Prosecuting Crime in Japan (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).
  • Kaplan, Martin F. & Martin, Anna M. Understanding World Jury Systems Through Social Psychological Research (New York: Psychology Press, 2006). Chapters discuss trial by jury, jury systems, mixed (lay and professional) juries, lay judges, law participation for the following countries: Australia, England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, Scotland, Spain, U.S.
  • Kempen, P.H.P.H.M.C. van (Piet Hein P.H.M.C.). Pre-Trial Detention: Human Rights, Criminal Procedural Law and Penitentiary Law, Comparative Law = Détention avant jugement: droits de l’homme, droit de la procédure pénale et droit pénitentiaire, droit comparé / (Cambridge, UK; Portland, Or.: Intersentia, 2012).
  • Koppen, Peter J. van & Penrod, Steven D. eds. Adversarial Versus Inquisitorial Justice: Psychological Perspectives on Criminal Justice Systems (New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2003). Compares the two systems, American and European approaches to police investigation (including coverage of search and seizure and interrogation). Covers police interrogations in England and the Netherlands, the death penalty in the U.S., recovered memories in court, cross-examination of witnesses, children in court, expert evidence in the Netherlands and the U.S., and expert witnesses in Europe and the U.S.
  • Kovalev, Nikolai. Criminal Justice Reform in Russia, Ukraine and the Former Republics of the Soviet Union: Trial by Jury and Mixed Courts (Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 2010).
  • Kuczynska, Hanna. The Accusation Model before the International Criminal Court: Study of Convergence of Criminal Justice Systems (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015)
    • “Abstract: This book examines how the functioning of the International Criminal Court has become a forum of convergence between the common law and civil law criminal justice systems. Four countries were selected as primary examples of these two legal traditions: the United States, England and Wales, Germany and Poland. The first layer of analysis focuses on selected elements of the model of accusation that are crucial to the model adopted by the ICC. These are: development of the notion of the prosecutor’s independence in view of their ties to the countries and the Security Council; the nature and limits.”
    • Langbein, John H. Comparative Criminal Procedure: Germany (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Pub. Co., 1977) (American Casebook Series).
    • Langbein, John H. Prosecuting Crime in the Renaissance: England, Germany, France (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974).
    • Ligeti, Katalin ed. Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union (v.1: A Comparative Analysis) (Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart, 2013) (Modern Studies in European Law; v.34). Covers “national systems of investigation, prosecution, evidence and procedural safeguards”, criminal procedure of Austria, Denmark, England, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.
    • Lippman, Matthew, McConville, Sean, & Yerushalmi, Mordechai. Islamic Criminal Law and Procedure: An Introduction (New York: Praeger, 1988).
    • Luna, Erik, Wade, Marianne, Dr., & Bojanczyk, Antoni eds. The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2012). Covers England, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden (and other Nordic countries), Europe generally, and the U.S.
    • Mack, Raneta Lawson. Comparative Criminal Procedure: History, Processes and Case Studies (Buffalo, N.Y.: W. S. Hein, 2008). Includes examples from Argentina, China, England, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Norway, Russia, Spain, and EU member states generally.
    • Maffei, Stefano. The Right to Confrontation in Europe: Absent, Anonymous, and Vulnerable (2d ed., Groningen: Europa Law Publishing, 2012). First ed. 2006 titled: The European Right to Confrontation in Criminal Proceedings: Absent, Anonymous and Vulnerable Witnesses (European and International Criminal Law Series; 1). Covers the right to confrontation in European human rights law and in English, French, and Italian criminal procedure.
    • Malsch, Marijke. Democracy in the Courts: Lay Participation in European Criminal Justice Systems (Farnham, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009) (International and Comparative Criminal Justice).
    • McConville, Michael & Pils, Eva. Comparative Perspectives on Criminal Justice in China (Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2013). Includes a chapter of commentary on the 2012 revision of the Chinese criminal procedure law.
    • McConville, Mike & Choongh, Satnam. Criminal Justice in China: An Empirical Inquiry (Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2011). Includes Appendix 1: “Chinese Criminal Procedure: An Overview.”
    • Mueller, Gerhard O.W. & Le Poole-Griffiths, Fré. Comparative Criminal Procedure (New York: New York University Press, 1969). Includes chapters on general history of continental criminal procedure and overview of comparative criminal procedure  (“Lessons of Comparative Criminal Procedure” covers arrest, probable cause, trial, victims), on judicial supervision of pre-trial procedure, preliminary investigation by magistrates, non-punitive detention, judicial fitness, and jurisdiction over crimes committed abroad
      or with aircraft.
    • National Criminal Justice Profiles (print and online texts on the criminal justice systems of European countries published by HEUNI, the European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations, from 1990-2006). Includes profiles for Albania, Bulgaria,
      Croatia, the Czech Republic, England and Wales, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden.
    • Nelken, David. Contrasting Criminal Justice: Getting from Here to There (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000). Covers various aspects of criminal justice in England and Wales, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, and the U.S.
    • Nesossi, Elisa. China’s Pre-Trial Justice: Criminal Justice, Human Rights and Legal Reforms in Contemporary China (London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Pub., 2012) (Law in East Asia).
    • O’Connor, Vivienne & Rausch, Collette eds. Model Codes for Post-Conflict Criminal Justice: Volume II: Model Code of Criminal Procedure (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 2008).
    • Pakes, Francis J. Comparative Criminal Justice (3d ed., New York: Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group, 2015). Discusses the reasons to study criminal justice comparatively and methods of comparative research. Has chapters on comparative policing, prosecution and pre-trial justice, systems of trials, judges, juries, punishment, fairness and effectiveness, prisons, the death penalty, international and transnational criminal justice, terrorism, cybercrime, and the evolution of criminal justice systems. Covers Australasia, Europe, the UK, and the U.S.
    • Rauxloh, Regina. Plea Bargaining in National and International Law: A Comparative Study (New York, NY: Routledge, 2012). Compares England and Wales and (West) Germany. Has a chapter on the former German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany).
    • Reichel, Philip L. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: A Topical Approach (6th ed., Boston: Pearson, 2013). 7th ed. Forthcoming 2017. Covers policing, corrections, juvenile justice, and general criminal procedures in over 30 countries including Australia, China, France, Germany, England and Wales, Ghana, Japan, Nigeria, Poland, Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. Discusses general characteristics and principles of procedural criminal law in four legal traditions: common, civil, Islamic, Eastern Asia. Includes a chapter on comparing crimes rates, with reference to sources of international crime statistics. Each chapter concludes with suggested readings, websites, and bibliographic references.
    • Roberson, Cliff & Das, Dilip K. An Introduction to Comparative Legal Models of Criminal Justice (2d ed., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2016).
    • The Role of the Public Prosecution Office in a Democratic Society (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 1997) (covers European countries).
    • Ross, Jacqueline & Thaman, Stephen C. eds. Comparative Criminal Procedure (Northampton, MA; Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016) (Research Handbooks in Comparative Law). Contains essays on screening mechanisms, pre-trial procedure, intelligence investigations, jury trials, and comparative criminal procedure generally for various countries including France, Germany, India, Japan, post-Soviet States, Spain, Taiwan, and the United States.
    • Ryan, Andrea. Towards a System of European Criminal Justice: The Problem of Admissibility of Evidence (Abingdon: Routledge, 2014).
    • Scheffer, Thomas, Hannken-Illjes, Kati, & Kozin, Alexander. Criminal Defence and Procedure: Comparative Ethnographies in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).
    • Seetahal, Dana S. Commonwealth Caribbean Criminal Practice and Procedure (4th ed., Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon [UK]; New York, NY: Routledge, 2014).
    • Shahidullah, Shahid M. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Global and Local Perspectives (Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2014).
    • Slobogin, Christopher. Criminal Procedure: Regulation of Police Investigation, Legal, Historical, Empirical and Comparative Materials (5th ed., Newark, N.J.: LexisNexis, 2012). Focuses on the criminal procedure in the United States, but covers practices in Australia, England, Germany, France, India, Italy, and Japan.
    • Sluiter, Göran. International Criminal Procedure: Principles and Rules (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2013).
    • Spronken, Taru, Vermeulen, Gert, de Vocht, Dorris, & van Puyenbbroeck, Laurens eds. EU Procedural Rights in Criminal Proceedings (Antwerp; Portland: Maklu, 2009).
    • Summers, Sarah J. Fair Trials: The European Criminal Procedural Tradition and the European Court of Human Rights (Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart, 2007).
    • Tak, Peter J.P. The Dutch Criminal Justice System (3d ed., Nijmegen, the Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2008).
    • Tak, Peter J.P. ed. Tasks and Powers of the Prosecution Services in the EU Member States ([Nijmegen: The Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2004).
    • Tata, Cyrus & Hutton, Neil eds. Sentencing and Society: International Perspectives (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002). Covers Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, England, Finland, Italy, South Africa, the UK, and general sentencing policy.
    • Terrill, Richard J. World Criminal Justice Systems: A Comparative Survey (9th ed., New York Routledge, 2016). Covers government, police, the judiciary, criminal procedure law, corrections, juvenile justice in China, England, France, Japan, Russia, South Africa, and Islamic law (Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey). Includes an extensive bibliography at pages 691-718.
    • Thaman, Stephen. World Plea Bargaining: Consensual Procedures and the Avoidance of the Full Criminal Trial (Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2010). Covers plea bargaining in criminal proceedings in Argentina, Croatia, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Scotland, and the United States, with an “Asian detour”. Includes Appendix: Codes of Criminal Procedure.
    • Thaman, Stephen C. Comparative Criminal Procedure: A Casebook Approach (2d ed., Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2008) (Comparative Law Series). Provides a brief history of European criminal procedure; includes chapters on the criminal investigation, search and seizure, the privilege against self-incrimination, admissibility of evidence at trial, procedural economy, and the trial. Focuses on Europe.
    • Thaman, Stephen C. Exclusionary Rules in Comparative Law (Dordrecht; New York: Springer, 2013) (Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice; 20).
    • This book is a comparative study of the exclusion of illegally gathered evidence in the criminal trial, which includes 15 country studies [Belgium, England and Wales, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, The Netherlands, Scotland, Serbia, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, the U.S.], a chapter on the European Court of Human Rights, and a comparative synthetic conclusion. The topic is one of the most controversial in criminal procedure law, because it reveals a constant tension between the criminal court’s duty to ascertain the truth, on the one hand, and its duty to uphold important
      constitutional rights on the other, most importantly, the privilege against self-incrimination and the right to privacy in one’s home and one’s private communications.”
    • Tochilovsky, Vladimir. The Law and Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunals and Courts: Procedure and Human Rights Aspects (2d ed., Leiden; Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2014).
    • Tonry, Michael H. & Lappi-Seppälä, Tapio, eds. Crime and Justice in Scandinavia (Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2011) (Crime and Justice (Chicago, Ill.); v.40).
    • Tonry, Michael & Frase, Richard S. eds. Sentencing and Sanctions in Western Countries (Oxford [etc.]: Oxford University Press, 2001). Covers sentencing in Australia, England, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United State
    • Tonry, Michael, Hamilton, Kate, & Hatlestad, Kathleen eds. Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Times: A Comparative Perspective (1997). Covers sentencing in Australia, Canada, England and Wales, New Zealand, the U.S., and Western Europe.
    • Tonry, Michael H., ed. Prosecutors and Politics: A Comparative Perspective (Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2012) (Crime and Justice (Chicago, Ill.); v. 41). Includes articles on prosecutors in Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, and the following U.S. states – Arizona, North Caroline, and Washington.
    • Tonry, Michael H. ed. Sentencing Policies and Practices in Western Countries: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives (Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, 2016) (Crime and Justice (Chicago, Ill.); v. 45). Articles cover the differences in national sentencing systems generally, and specifically Nordic sentencing, and the sentencing process in Australia, Belgium, Canada, England and Wales, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, and the U.S.
    • The Training of Judges and Public Prosecutors in Europe (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 1997).
    • Trechsel, Stefan. Human Rights in Criminal Proceedings (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005). Focuses on criminal procedure rights in European Union countries such as the right to a fair trial, the right to counsel, the privilege against self-incrimination, and the protection against double jeopardy.
    • Turner, Jenia I. Plea Bargaining Across Borders: Criminal Procedure (New York: Aspen Publishers, 2010). Covers plea bargaining in Bulgaria, China, Germany, Japan, Russia, and the U.S.
    • Vanoverbeke, Dimitri. Juries in the Japanese Legal System: The Continuing Struggle for Citizen Participation and Democracy (London; New York: Routledge, 2015).
    • Vidmar, Neil ed. World Jury Systems (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2000). Has chapters on the criminal jury in Australia, Canada, England, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, Scotland, Spain, the United States, and elsewhere in the world.
    • Vogler, Richard. A World View of Criminal Justice (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005). And 2016 paperback edition. Covers inquisitorial and adversarial systems in Europe, China, Latin America; also covers Islamic criminal justice and the European jury.
    • Vogler, Richard & Huber, Barbara eds. Criminal Procedure in Europe (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2008) (Schriftenreihe des Max-Planck-Instituts für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht. Strafrechtliche Forschungsberichte; Bd. S 112). Covers England and Wales, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and Spain.
    • Walsh, David, Gavin E Oxburgh, Alison D Redlich, & Trond Myklebust. International Developments and Practices in Investigative Interviewing and Interrogation (London; Abingdon; New York: Routledge, 2016) (Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice). 2v.
      • Volume 1, Victims and witnesses: Covers Asia (Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Korea), Australia, New Zealand, Europe (Belgium, England and Wales, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Scotland, Slovenia), North America (Canada, U.S.), South America (Brazil, Chile).
      • Volume 2, Suspects.
    • What Public Prosecution in Europe in the 21st Century (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2000).
    • Wyngaert, Christine Van Den ed. Criminal Procedure Systems in the European Community (London: Butterworths, 1993). Includes multi-lingual subject index that cross-references to related English terms. Has separate chapters with similar outline of contents for Belgium, Denmark, England and Wales, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Scotland, and Spain. The chapters cover Sources; Structure of the Criminal Justice System; Parties to Criminal Proceedings; General Principles Concerning Criminal Procedure; Coercive Measures; The Ordinary Course of Criminal Proceedings; Evidence; Special Forms of Procedure; Remedies; Other Questions; and Select Bibliography.
    • Xie, Guoxing. The Exclusionary Rule of Evidence: Comparative Analysis and Proposals for Reform (Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2014) (International and Comparative Criminal Justice). Covers China, the UK, the U.S.
    • Yi, Yanyou. Understanding China’s Criminal Procedure (Paramus, NJ]: Homa & Sekey Books: Tsinghua University Press, 2013) (Chinese Law Series).
    • Zimring, Franklin E., Máximo Langer, & David S. Tanenhaus, eds. Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective (New York: New York University Press, 2015). Includes chapters covering juvenile justice in Western Europe, Scandinavia, Latin America, and Muslim-majority states. Has specific chapters on the People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, South Korea, Poland, and South Africa.

    4.  Book Chapters and Journal Articles

    • Bedau, Hugo Adam. “Capital Punishment,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 133-143 (Sanford H. Kadish ed., New York: Free Press, 1983).
    • Berman, Harold J. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: Soviet Union,”1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 207-215 (Sanford H. Kadish ed., New York: Free Press, 1983).
    • Damaška, Mirjan. “Adversary System,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 25-31 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Davies, Malcolm. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: England and Wales,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 182-192 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Dorsen, Norman, Rosenfeld, Michel, Sajó, András, & Baer, Susanne. “Criminal Procedure (Due Process),” in Comparative Constitutionalism (2d ed., St. Paul, MN: Thomson/West, 2010). Includes sections on criminal procedure at pages 1173-1281. Excerpts cases from Canada, the European
      Court of Human Rights (ECHR), France, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, the UK, and the U.S. Covers adversarial versus inquisitorial systems, fair trials, presumption of innocence, right to a trial before an impartial tribunal, pretrial due process, arrest, search
      and seizure, the exclusionary rule, pretrial detention, bail, prompt judicial review, preventive detention, right to counsel, right to silence, privilege against self-incrimination, right to effective assistance of counsel, right to prepare and conduct a defense, interrogation, torture, right to call and cross-examine witnesses, right to a speedy trial, right to appeal, prohibition against double jeopardy, prohibition against retroactivity of a criminal law.
    • Dubber, Markus Dirk. “American Plea Bargains, German Lay Judges, and the Crisis of Criminal Procedure,” 49 Stanford Law Review 547-605 (1997).
    • Forte, David F. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: Islam,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 192-199 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Frase, Richard S. “Main-Streaming Comparative Criminal Justice: How to Incorporate Comparative and International Concepts and Materials into Basic Criminal Law and Procedure Courses,” 100 West Virginia Law Review 773-798 (1998) (includes as “Resources for Further Study” in an appendix, an annotated bibliography of published works for professors and students).
    • Fu, Hualing. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: China,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 172-182 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002)
    • Gazal-Ayal, Oren & Riza, Limor. “Plea-Bargaining and Prosecution,” in Criminal Law and Economics 145-170 (Nuno Garoupa ed., Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2009) (Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 2d ed.)
    • Grande, Elisabetta. “Comparative Criminal Justice,” in The Cambridge Companion to Comparative Law 191-209 (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012). Comparative criminal procedure discussion at pages 199-209.
    • Herrmann, Joachim. “The German Prosecutor”, in Discretionary Justice in Europe and America  16-74 (Kenneth Culp Davis ed., Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976) (discusses limited discretion of German prosecutors and right of victims to compel prosecution).
    • Jayasuriya, Dayanath C. & Kodagoda, Yasantha. “Criminal Procedures,” 1 Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social, and Cultural Encyclopedia 381-384 (Herbert M. Kritzer ed., Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002). Covers China, France, Italy, Japan, Sri Lanka, the U.S., and the U.K.
    • Jimeno-Bulnes, Mar. “American Criminal Procedure in a European Context,” 21 Cardozo Journal of International & Comparative Law 409-460 (2013).
    • Langbein, John H. & Weinreb, Lloyd L. “Continental Criminal Procedure: ‘Myth’ and Reality,” 87 Yale Law Journal 1549-1569 (1978). See also “Comment on Continental Criminal Procedure” by Abraham S. Goldstein & Martin Marcus at pages 1570-1577.
    • Levine, K. & Feeley, M. “Prosecution,” 18 International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences 12,224-12,230 (Neil J. Smelser & Paul B. Baltes eds., New York: Elsevier Science, 2001).
    • Lewisch, Peter. “Criminal Procedure,” 5 Encyclopedia of Law and Economics 241-260 (Boudewijn Bouckaert & Gerrit De Geest eds., Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2000)(Chapter 7700).
    • Lubman, Stanley. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: China,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 182-193 (Sanford H. Kadish ed., New York: Free Press, 1983).
    • Ma, Yue. “Lay Participation in Criminal Trials: A Comparative Perspective,” 8 International Criminal Justice Review 74-94 (1998) (covers the U.S. and England, lay judges in France, Germany, and Italy, people’s assessors in China, and the jury trial experiment in Russia).
    • Ma, Yue. “Prosecutorial Discretion and Plea Bargaining in the United States, France, Germany, and Italy: A Comparative Perspective,” 12 International Criminal Justice Review 22-52 (2002).
    • Merryman, John Henry & Pérez-Perdomo, Rogelio. “Criminal Procedure,” in The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the Legal Systems of Europe and Latin America 125-133 (3d ed., Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007). See also The Civil Law Tradition: Europe, Latin America, and East Asia (John Henry Merryman, David S. Clark, & John O. Haley, 1994).
    • Miceli, Thomas J. “Criminal Procedure,” in Criminal Law and Economics 125-144 (Nuno Garoupa ed., Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2009) (Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 2d ed.) (focuses on American criminal procedure).
    • Nader, Laura. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: Pre-Literate Societies,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 199-207 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Pérez-Perdomo, Rogelio. Symposium: “Abandoning the Inquisitor: Latin America’s Criminal Procedure Revolution,” Southwestern Journal of Law and Trade in the Americas, v.14, no.2 & v.15, no.1 (2008).
    • Pizzi, William T. & Perron, Walter. “Crime Victims in German Courtrooms: A Comparative Perspective on American Problems,” 32 Stanford Journal of International Law 37-64 (1996)
    • Selih, Alenka. “The Prosecution Process and the (Changing) Role of the Prosecutor,” in Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe 93-107 (Strasbourg: Council of Europe Pub., 2000).
    • Smit, Paul R. “Prosecution and Courts,” in Crime and Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America, 1995-2004 94-117 (Kauko Aromaa & Markku Heiskanen eds., Helsinki: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, 2008). Includes statistics on suspected and convicted offenders.
    • Thaman, Stephen C. “A Comparative Approach to Teaching Criminal Procedure and its Application to the Post-Investigative Stage,” 56 Journal of Legal Education 459-476 (2006).
    • Thaman, Stephen C. “Comparative Criminal Law and Enforcement: Russia,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 207-218 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Thaman, Stephen C. “Criminal Courts and Procedure,” in Comparative Law and Society 235-253 (David Scott Clark ed., Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar, 2012) (Research Handbooks in Comparative Law).
    • Thaman, Stephen C. “Miranda in Comparative Law,” 45 Saint Louis University Law Journal 581-624 (2001).
    • Wade, Marianne L. “A European Public Prosecutor: Potential and Pitfalls,” 59 Crime, Law and Social Change 439-486 (2013).
    • Wade, Marianne L., Jehle, Jörg-Martin, & Elsner, Beatrix. “Prosecution and Diversion within Criminal Justice Systems in Europe,” 14 European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 93-99 (2008) (part of September 2008, Issue 2-3, on “Prosecution and Diversion within Criminal Justice Systems in Europe”, pp. 91-368).
    • Weigend, Thomas. “Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure,” Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law 261-278 (2d ed., Jan M. Smits ed., Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar Pub., 2012) (includes bibliography of resources in English, French, and German at pages 273-278).
    • Weigend, Thomas. “Criminal Procedure: Comparative Aspects,” 1 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 444-457 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • Weigend, Thomas. “Prosecution: Comparative Aspects,” 3 Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice 1232-1242 (Joshua Dressler ed., 2d ed., New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002).
    • World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1993). Includes reports on criminal justice systems of 45 countries. All were published in 1993 except for five country reports from 2002 (Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Venezuela).

    5.     Journals

    • Buffalo Criminal Law Review (Buffalo, NY: Buffalo Criminal Law Center, 1997-2006) (now New Criminal Law Review beginning with v.10, no.1, January 2007). Full text articles available via HeinOnline and JSTOR.
    • Crime & Justice: A Review of Research (Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1979- ) (annual). Available online via JSTOR and HeinOnline.
    • Crime & Justice International (CJI; publication of the Sam Houston State University College of Criminal Justice’s former Office of International Criminal Justice (OICJ); archives from 1994-2007)
    • Crime, Law and Social Change ([Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1977- ). Available online via SpringerLink, Chadwyck PAO, EBSCOhost, ProQuest.
    • Criminal Law Forum (Camden, NJ: Rutgers University School of Law, 1990- ). Available online via SpringerLink and MetaPress.
    • eucrim: The European Criminal Law Association Forum (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht, 2006- ).
    • European Criminal Law Review (Munich, Germany: Verlag C.H. Beck; Oxford, United Kingdom: Hart Publishing; [Baden-Baden, Germany]: Nomos, 2011- ). Full text of the EuCLR online via C.H. Beck.
    • European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (Deventer, The Netherlands; Cambridge, MA, USA: Kluwer; Stockholm, Sweden: Fritzes; Neuwied, F.R. Germany: Luchterhand, c1993- ). Available online via HeinOnline, EBSCOhost, SpringerLink, and MetaPress. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research ([Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993- ). Available online via SpringerLink, EBSCOhost, ProQuest.
    • European Journal of Criminology (London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 2004- ).
    • International Criminal Justice Review (Atlanta, GA: Georgia State University, 1991- ). Available online via Sage, EBSCOhost, and HeinOnline.
    • International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice (Wichita, Kan.: Wichita State University; PA: Taylor & Francis, 1977- ). Available online via Chadwyck PAO & Taylor & Francis.
    • International Journal of Evidence and Proof (London: Blackstone Press, 1996- ). Available online via EBSCOhost and HeinOnline.
    • International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice (Amsterdam; Boston: Elsevier, c2008-) (the previous title was the International Journal on the Sociology of Law). Available online via Elsevier ScienceDirect.
    • International, Transnational & Comparative Criminal Law (Social Science Research Network (SSRN) Legal Scholarship Network (LSN) e-journal.
    • Journal of International Criminal Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003- ). Available via Oxford Journals Online.
    • New Criminal Law Review: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal (University of California Press, 2007-; continues Buffalo Criminal Law Review (BCLR)). Available online via HeinOnline and JSTOR.
    • New Journal of European Criminal Law (Mortsel, Belgium: Intersentia, 2009- ).
    • Overcrowded Times: Solving the Prison Problem (Castine, Maine: Published for the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation by Castine Research Corp., 1990- )(bi-monthly). Journal covers sentencing, corrections, and crime control policy.

    6. Organizations and Research Institutes

    This article is republished with the permission of the author, Lyonette Louis-Jacques – and the original publisher – GlobalLex Hauser Global Law School Program, New York University School of Law, at this URL

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